Artistic Brain-Computer Interfaces: State-of-the-Art of Control Mechanisms

Amy Wadeson, Antinus Nijholt, Chang S. Nam

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    Artistic BCI applications offer a new modality for humans to express themselves creatively. In this survey we reviewed the available literature on artistic BCIs by classifying four types of user control afforded by the available applications: selective control, passive control, direct control and collaborative control. A brief overview of the history of artistic BCIs is presented, followed by examples of current artistic BCI applications in each defined sector of control. We questioned whether or not creative control affects the users’ sense of enjoyment or satisfaction. Finally, we made suggestions for the future of artistic BCI research to question the role that control plays in user satisfaction and entertainment.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)70-75
    Number of pages6
    JournalBrain-Computer Interfaces
    Issue number2-3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015


    • creative
    • EWI-26325
    • HMI-CI: Computational Intelligence
    • HMI-IE: Information Engineering
    • Control
    • Artistic brain-computer interfaces
    • artistic bci
    • METIS-314974
    • IR-98401
    • MUSIC

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