The packaging of proteins into discrete compartments is an essential feature for cellular efficiency. Inspired by Nature, we harness virus-like assemblies as artificial nanocompartments for enzyme-catalyzed cascade reactions. Using the negative charges of nucleic acid tags, we develop a versatile strategy to promote an efficient noncovalent co-encapsulation of enzymes within a single protein cage of cowpea chlorotic mottle virus (CCMV) at neutral pH. The encapsulation results in stable 21-22 nm sized CCMV-like particles, which is characteristic of an icosahedral T = 1 symmetry. Cryo-EM reconstruction was used to demonstrate the structure of T = 1 assemblies templated by biological soft materials as well as the extra-swelling capacity of these T = 1 capsids. Furthermore, the specific sequence of the DNA tag is capable of operating as a secondary biocatalyst as well as bridging two enzymes for co-encapsulation in a single capsid while maintaining their enzymatic activity. Using CCMV-like particles to mimic nanocompartments can provide valuable insight on the role of biological compartments in enhancing metabolic efficiency.
|Journal||Journal of the American Chemical Society|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 2017|