A molecular capsule based on ionic interactions between two oppositely charged calixarenes, 1 and 2, was assembled both in solution and on a surface. In solution, the formation of the equimolar assembly 1·2 was studied by 1H NMR, ESI-MS, and isothermal titration calorimetry, giving an association constant (Ka) of 7.5 × 105 M-1. A β-cyclodextrin self-assembled monolayer (β-CD SAM) on gold was used as a molecular printboard to anchor the tetraguanidinium calixarene (2). The binding of tetrasulfonate calixarene 1 was monitored by surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy. Rinsing of the surface with a high ionic strength aqueous solution allows the removal of the tetrasulfonate calixarene (1), while by rinsing with 2-propanol it is possible to achieve the complete desorption of the tetraguanidinium calixarene (2) from the β-CD SAM. The Ka for the capsule formation on a surface is 3.5 × 106 M-1, thus comparing well with the Ka determined in solution.