Seulawah Agam, a stratovolcano located in the Aceh province, Indonesia, has not erupted for a long decade after the last eruption in 1839. Thermal infrared remote sensing has been used to determine the land surface temperature (LST) of the volcano area. However, the application of remotely sensed thermal imagery in identifying the LST of the Seulawah Agam volcano, as a precursor of geothermal energy and eruption hazard, has not been completely monitored. The volcano locates relatively close to residential areas, which is a challenging approach to apply thermal bands in determining geothermal identities. In this research, we assess the LST and vegetation index for the detection of the thermal activity of the mountain. These characteristics were retrieved from Landsat 7 ETM+ and Landsat 8 TIRS/OLI imageries, acquired on 23 April 2004 and 16 March 2015 over the Seulawah Agam area, respectively. The normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) threshold method for emissivity retrieval and split-window algorithm for land surface temperature (LST) were utilized. The results show that the vegetation index changes moderately over the geothermal area, especially at the residential area and western side of the volcano which is in line with a fault structure of the Seulimeum segment. We calculated the LST from the thermal bands of Landsat images 2004 and 2015 with approximate results are 28 – 35 °C. The spatial distribution of surface temperatures at the mountain derived from the classified image 2015 varies considerably compared with the classified image 2004. The surface temperature and vegetation index changes indicate a thermal activity at the Seulawah Agam volcano. It can be concluded that the Landsat 7 ETM+ and Landsat 8 TIRS/OLI imageries are potentially used to study the thermal status of the Seulawah Agam geothermal area.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of physics: Conference series|
|Publication status||Published - 12 Mar 2021|
|Event||10th International Conference on Physics and its Applications, ICOPIA 2020 - Online conference, Indonesia|
Duration: 26 Aug 2020 → 26 Aug 2020
Conference number: 10