Assessment of renal sympathetic control using invasive pressure and flow velocity measurements in humans

Didier Collard, Lennart Van De Velde, Valerie E. Stegehuis, Ronak Delewi, Marcel A.M. Beijk, IJsbrand A.j. Zijlstra, Robbert J. de Winter, Liffert Vogt, Bert-Jan H. van den Born*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Renal sympathetic innervation is important in the control of renal and systemic hemodynamics and a target for pharmacological and catheter-based therapies. The effect of a physiological sympathetic stimulus using static handgrip exercise on renal hemodynamics and intraglomerular pressure in humans is unknown. We recorded renal arterial pressure and flow velocity in patients with a clinical indication for coronary or peripheral angiography using a sensor-equipped guidewire during baseline, handgrip, resting, and hyperemia following intrarenal dopamine (30 μg/kg). Changes in perfusion pressure were expressed as delta mean arterial pressure, changes in flow as percentage with respect to baseline. Intraglomerular pressure was estimated using a Windkessel model. A total of 18 patients with median age 57 years (range 27-85), 61% male with successful measurements were included. During static handgrip renal arterial pressure increased by 15.2 mmHg (range 4.2-53.0), while flow decreased by 11.2%, but with large variation between individuals (range -13.4-49.8). Intraglomerular pressure increased with 4.2 mmHg (range -3.9-22.1). Flow velocity under resting conditions remained stable with median 100.6% (range 82.3-114.6) compared to baseline. During hyperemia, maximal flow was 180% (range 111-281), while intraglomerular pressure decreased to 33.0 mmHg [IQR 26.7-39.8]. Changes in renal pressure and flow during handgrip exercise were correlated (rho=-0.68; p=0.002). Measurement of renal arterial pressure and flow velocity during handgrip exercise allows identification of patients with higher and lower sympathetic control of renal perfusion. This suggests that hemodynamic measurements may be useful to assess the response to therapeutic interventions aimed at altering renal sympathetic control.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F263-F270
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Issue number3
Early online date29 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2023


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