Aims: To assess whether better endothelial function increases the likelihood of patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) having initially patent culprit vessels. Clinical data on the relation between endothelial function and culprit vessel patency in STEMI patients are scarce.
Methods and results: In this prospective cohort study in 71 patients with STEMI, endothelial function was non-invasively assessed by use of the reactive hyperaemia peripheral artery tonometry (RH-PAT) method at four to six weeks after the primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). The RH-PAT index measured on average 1.90±0.58. In patients with patent culprit vessels before PPCI (n=33, 46.5%), endothelial function was significantly better than in patients with occluded vessels (n=38, 53.5%) (RH-PAT index 2.08±0.34 vs. 1.75±0.35; p<0.007). Compared to patients with normal endothelial function, the patients with severe endothelial dysfunction had a fivefold higher risk of presenting with an occluded culprit vessel (OR 5.1, 95% CI: 1.8-14.2). Logistic regression analysis revealed that this relation between endothelial function and vessel patency became even stronger after adjustment for potential confounders (adjusted OR 7.1, 95% CI: 2.1-23.6).
Conclusions: In this series of patients with acute STEMI, better endothelial function was independently associated with a higher likelihood of presenting with an initially patent culprit vessel. - See more at: http://www.pcronline.com/eurointervention/78th_issue/137/#sthash.qG5DbUl1.dpuf
- Myocardial infarction
- Coronary artery disease
- ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)
- Endothelial function
- Culprit vessel patency
- Reactive hyperaemia peripheral artery tonometry