Assessment of Upper Limb Movement Impairments after Stroke Using Wearable Inertial Sensing

Anne Schwarz*, Miguel Maiur Claro Bhagubai, Gerjan Wolterink, Jeremia P. Held, Andreas Rüdiger Luft, Peter H. Veltink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)
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Precise and objective assessments of upper limb movement quality after strokes in functional task conditions are an important prerequisite to improve understanding of the pathophysiology of movement deficits and to prove the effectiveness of interventions. Herein, a wearable inertial sensing system was used to capture movements from the fingers to the trunk in 10 chronic stroke subjects when performing reach-to-grasp activities with the affected and non-affected upper limb. It was investigated whether the factors, tested arm, object weight, and target height, affect the expressions of range of motion in trunk compensation and flexion-extension of the elbow, wrist, and finger during object displacement. The relationship between these metrics and clinically measured impairment was explored. Nine subjects were included in the analysis, as one had to be excluded due to defective data. The tested arm and target height showed strong effects on all metrics, while an increased object weight showed effects on trunk compensation. High inter- and intrasubject variability was found in all metrics without clear relationships to clinical measures. Relating all metrics to each other resulted in significant negative correlations between trunk compensation and elbow flexion-extension in the affected arm. The findings support the clinical usability of sensor-based motion analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4770
Number of pages22
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 2020


  • upper extremity
  • stroke
  • biomechanical phenomena
  • kinematics
  • inertial measurement systems
  • motion analysis


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