Association between blood circulating vitamin D and colorectal cancer risk in Asian countries: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis

Lin Zhang, Huachun Zou, Yang Zhao, Chunlei Hu, Adejare Atanda, Xuzhen Qin, Peng Jia, Yu Jiang, Zhihong Qi

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Abstract

Objectives To assess the association between blood circulating vitamin D levels and colorectal cancer risk in the Asian population.

Design This is a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of observational studies that investigated the relationship between blood circulating vitamin D levels and colorectal cancer risk in the Asian population.

Data sources Relevant studies were identified through a literature search in Medline, Embase and Web of Science from 1st January 1980 to 31st January 2019. Eligibility criteria: original studies published in peer-reviewed journals investigating the association between blood circulating vitamin D levels and the risk of colorectal cancer and/or adenoma in Asian countries.

Data extraction and synthesis Two authors independently extracted data and assessed the quality of included studies. Study-specific ORs were pooled using a random-effects model. A dose-response meta-analysis was performed with generalised least squares regression. We applied the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale quality assessment to evaluate the quality of the selected studies.

Results The eight included studies encompassed a total of 2916 cases and 6678 controls. The pooled ORs of colorectal cancer for the highest versus lowest categories of blood circulating vitamin D levels was 0.75 (95% CI 0.58 to 0.97) up to 36.5 ng/mL in the Asian population. There was heterogeneity among the studies (I 2=53.9%, P heterogeneity=0.034). The dose-response meta-analysis indicated a significant linear relationship (P non-linearity=0.11). An increment of 16 ng/mL in blood circulating vitamin D level corresponded to an OR of 0.79 (95% CI 0.64 to 0.97).

Conclusions The results of this meta‐analysis indicate that blood circulating vitamin D level is associated with decreased risk of colorectal cancer in Asian countries. The dose-response meta-analysis shows that the strength of this association among the Asian population is similar to that among the Western population. Our study suggests that the Asian population should improve nutritional status and maintain a higher level of blood circulating vitamin D.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere030513
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalBMJ open
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • ITC-ISI-JOURNAL-ARTICLE
  • ITC-GOLD

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