Attributing Changes in Streamflow to Land Use and Climate Change for 472 Catchments in Australia and the United States

Martijn J. Booij*, Theo C. Schipper, Hero Marhaento

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    Abstract

    A data-based method to distinguish climate and land use change impacts on streamflow has been previously developed and needs further evaluation through a large sample study. This study aims to apply the method to a large sample set of 472 catchments in the United States and Australia. The method calculates the water and energy budget of a catchment which can be translated to climate and land use induced changes in streamflow between two periods: a pre-change and post-change period. Several geographical characteristics (e.g., aridity index, average catchment slope, historical land use) were considered for the interpretation of the results. The results show that in general as expected, an increase of the annual discharge is caused by deforestation and a wetter climate, and a decrease of the annual discharge is caused by afforestation and a drier climate. In addition, changes in streamflow of American catchments are likely caused by a wetter climate, while changes in streamflow of Australian catchments are caused by a wetter or drier climate. It can be concluded that the method performs reasonably well and that the results are best explained by the location of the catchment, the aridity index and historical land use.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1059
    JournalWater
    Volume11
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2019

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    Keywords

    • Attribution
    • Australia
    • Climate change
    • Data-based
    • Discharge
    • Land use change
    • United States

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