Background: Elevated levels of Chromogranin A (CgA) may be indicative of a neuroendocrine tumour (NET), but increased levels are also observed after intake of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). The incidence of diagnostic confusion because of this drug-laboratory test interaction (DLTI) was examined. Methods: Medical records of 238 patients with elevated CgA concentrations were obtained from three hospitals. The following data were extracted: PPI prescription at the time of CgA measurement, medical decision making based on elevated CgA concentrations, final diagnosis, comorbidity and other prescribed drugs. Results: From 238 patients with elevated CgA concentrations, 132 used PPIs. Of these patients, 57 patients did not have a NET. In 9 of these 57 patients (16%), diagnostic work up revealed no medical cause of an elevated CgA concentration. Somatostatin receptor imaging was ordered in 4 out of 9 cases, with no abnormalities observed. In 6 out of 9 cases, CgA measurement was repeated after PPI discontinuation resulting in normalisation of CgA concentrations. Conclusion: In this retrospective patient record study we observed that part of the elevated CgA concentrations in patients could be caused by the usage of PPIs causing unnecessary diagnostic work-up for the exclusion of a NET. These observations illustrate the need for better DLTI awareness.
- Clinical laboratory test
- Diagnostic error
- Drug laboratory test interaction
- Patient safety