Axial accuracy and signal enhancement in acoustic-resolution photoacoustic microscopy by laser jitter effect correction and pulse energy compensation

Amir Asadollahi, Hamid Latifi*, Manojit Pramanik, Hamed Qazvini, Ali Rezaei, Hamed Nikbakht, Abolfazl Abedi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

In recent years, photoacoustic imaging has found vast applications in biomedical imaging. Photoacoustic imaging has high optical contrast and high ultrasound resolution allowing deep tissue non-invasive imaging beyond the optical diffusion limit. Q-switched lasers are extensively used in photoacoustic imaging due to the availability of high energy and short laser pulses, which are essential for high-resolution photoacoustic imaging. In most cases, this type of light source suffers from pulse peak-power energy variations and timing jitter noise, resulting in uncertainty in the output power and arrival time of the laser pulses. These problems cause intensity degradation and temporal displacement of generated photoacoustic signals which in turn deteriorate the quality of the acquired photoacoustic images. In this study, we used a high-speed data acquisition system in combination with a fast photodetector and a software-based approach to capture laser pulses precisely in order to reduce the effect of timing jitter and normalization of the photoacoustic signals based on pulse peak-powers simultaneously. In the experiments, maximum axial accuracy enhancement of 14 µm was achieved in maximum-amplitude projected images on XZ and YZ planes with ±13.5 ns laser timing jitter. Furthermore, photoacoustic signal enhancement of 77% was obtained for 75% laser pulses peak-power stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1834-1845
Number of pages12
JournalBiomedical optics express
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021

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