BaBiO3—From single crystals towards oxide topological insulators

Rosa Luca Bouwmeester*, A. Brinkman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

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BaBiO3 is an oxide perovskite with a wide variety of interesting properties. It was expected that the compound would behave like a metal. However, experiments revealed that BaBiO3 is not metallic, which started an extensive debate about the mechanism responsible for this insulating behavior. The two most important conjectures in this debate are charge disproportionation of the Bi ion into 3+ and 5+ cations and bond hybridization of the Bi 6s and O 2p orbitals. Both mechanisms induce a breathing mode of the oxygen octahedra, which is experimentally observed in single crystals and thin films. Recently, ultra-thin BaBiO3 films were studied with the aim of suppressing the breathing mode, which was expected to result in re-emergence of metallicity. However, this expectation was not confirmed so far. Furthermore, theoretical calculations predict that BaBiO3 becomes a topological insulator (TI) when doped with electrons. Since high-temperature superconductivity was observed when doping the compound with holes, an interface between a superconductor and a TI can be established within the same parent compound. In this Review, we discuss the theoretical and experimental findings concerning the mechanism responsible for the unexpected insulating behavior of BaBiO3 for both single crystals and thin films. An overview is given of the current state of the art and the experimental challenges of achieving an oxide topological insulating state in BaBiO3.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100056
JournalReviews in Physics
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jun 2021


  • BaBiO3
  • Topological insulator
  • Breathing mode
  • Thin films
  • Single crystals
  • Complex oxide
  • Perovskite
  • UT-Hybrid-D


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