Ballistic supercurrent discretization and micrometer-long Josephson coupling in germanium

N. W. Hendrickx, M. L.V. Tagliaferri, M. Kouwenhoven, R. Li, D. P. Franke, A. Sammak, A. Brinkman, G. Scappucci, M. Veldhorst

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Abstract

We fabricate Josephson field-effect transistors in germanium quantum wells contacted by superconducting aluminum and demonstrate supercurrents carried by holes that extend over junction lengths of several micrometers. In superconducting quantum point contacts we observe discretization of supercurrent, as well as Fabry-Pérot resonances, demonstrating ballistic transport. The magnetic field dependence of the supercurrent follows a clear Fraunhofer-like pattern, and Shapiro steps appear upon microwave irradiation. Multiple Andreev reflections give rise to conductance enhancement and evidence a transparent interface, confirmed by analyzing the excess current. These demonstrations of ballistic superconducting transport are promising for hybrid quantum technology in germanium.

Original languageEnglish
Article number075435
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume99
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Feb 2019

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Germanium
Ballistics
ballistics
micrometers
germanium
Microwave irradiation
Point contacts
Field effect transistors
Aluminum
Semiconductor quantum wells
Demonstrations
field effect transistors
quantum wells
Magnetic fields
aluminum
microwaves
irradiation
augmentation
magnetic fields

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Hendrickx, N. W., Tagliaferri, M. L. V., Kouwenhoven, M., Li, R., Franke, D. P., Sammak, A., ... Veldhorst, M. (2019). Ballistic supercurrent discretization and micrometer-long Josephson coupling in germanium. Physical Review B, 99(7), [075435]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.99.075435
Hendrickx, N. W. ; Tagliaferri, M. L.V. ; Kouwenhoven, M. ; Li, R. ; Franke, D. P. ; Sammak, A. ; Brinkman, A. ; Scappucci, G. ; Veldhorst, M. / Ballistic supercurrent discretization and micrometer-long Josephson coupling in germanium. In: Physical Review B. 2019 ; Vol. 99, No. 7.
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abstract = "We fabricate Josephson field-effect transistors in germanium quantum wells contacted by superconducting aluminum and demonstrate supercurrents carried by holes that extend over junction lengths of several micrometers. In superconducting quantum point contacts we observe discretization of supercurrent, as well as Fabry-P{\'e}rot resonances, demonstrating ballistic transport. The magnetic field dependence of the supercurrent follows a clear Fraunhofer-like pattern, and Shapiro steps appear upon microwave irradiation. Multiple Andreev reflections give rise to conductance enhancement and evidence a transparent interface, confirmed by analyzing the excess current. These demonstrations of ballistic superconducting transport are promising for hybrid quantum technology in germanium.",
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Hendrickx, NW, Tagliaferri, MLV, Kouwenhoven, M, Li, R, Franke, DP, Sammak, A, Brinkman, A, Scappucci, G & Veldhorst, M 2019, 'Ballistic supercurrent discretization and micrometer-long Josephson coupling in germanium' Physical Review B, vol. 99, no. 7, 075435. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.99.075435

Ballistic supercurrent discretization and micrometer-long Josephson coupling in germanium. / Hendrickx, N. W.; Tagliaferri, M. L.V.; Kouwenhoven, M.; Li, R.; Franke, D. P.; Sammak, A.; Brinkman, A.; Scappucci, G.; Veldhorst, M.

In: Physical Review B, Vol. 99, No. 7, 075435, 27.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Tagliaferri, M. L.V.

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AU - Li, R.

AU - Franke, D. P.

AU - Sammak, A.

AU - Brinkman, A.

AU - Scappucci, G.

AU - Veldhorst, M.

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Hendrickx NW, Tagliaferri MLV, Kouwenhoven M, Li R, Franke DP, Sammak A et al. Ballistic supercurrent discretization and micrometer-long Josephson coupling in germanium. Physical Review B. 2019 Feb 27;99(7). 075435. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.99.075435