Bandgap opening in hydrogenated germanene

Q. Yao, L. Zhang, N.S. Kabanov, A.N. Rudenko, T. Arjmand, H. Rahimpour Soleimani, A.L. Klavsyuk, H.J.W. Zandvliet

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Abstract

We have studied the hydrogenation of germanene synthesized on Ge2Pt crystals using scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. The germanene honeycomb lattice is buckled and consists of two hexagonal sub-lattices that are slightly displaced with respect to each other. The hydrogen atoms adsorb exclusively on the Ge atoms of the upward buckled hexagonal sub-lattice. At a hydrogen exposure of about 100 L, the (1 × 1) buckled honeycomb structure of germanene converts to a (2 × 2) structure. Scanning tunneling spectra recorded on this (2 × 2) structure reveal the opening of a bandgap of about 0.2 eV. A fully (half) hydrogenated germanene surface is obtained after an exposure of about 9000 L hydrogen. The hydrogenated germanene, also referred to as germanane, has a sizeable bandgap of about 0.5 eV and is slightly n-type.

Original languageEnglish
Article number171607
JournalApplied physics letters
Volume112
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2018

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honeycomb structures
hydrogen
hydrogenation
scanning tunneling microscopy
hydrogen atoms
scanning
spectroscopy
crystals
atoms

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Yao, Q., Zhang, L., Kabanov, N. S., Rudenko, A. N., Arjmand, T., Rahimpour Soleimani, H., ... Zandvliet, H. J. W. (2018). Bandgap opening in hydrogenated germanene. Applied physics letters, 112(17), [171607]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5026745
Yao, Q. ; Zhang, L. ; Kabanov, N.S. ; Rudenko, A.N. ; Arjmand, T. ; Rahimpour Soleimani, H. ; Klavsyuk, A.L. ; Zandvliet, H.J.W. / Bandgap opening in hydrogenated germanene. In: Applied physics letters. 2018 ; Vol. 112, No. 17.
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Yao, Q, Zhang, L, Kabanov, NS, Rudenko, AN, Arjmand, T, Rahimpour Soleimani, H, Klavsyuk, AL & Zandvliet, HJW 2018, 'Bandgap opening in hydrogenated germanene' Applied physics letters, vol. 112, no. 17, 171607. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5026745

Bandgap opening in hydrogenated germanene. / Yao, Q.; Zhang, L.; Kabanov, N.S.; Rudenko, A.N.; Arjmand, T.; Rahimpour Soleimani, H.; Klavsyuk, A.L.; Zandvliet, H.J.W.

In: Applied physics letters, Vol. 112, No. 17, 171607, 23.04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Zandvliet, H.J.W.

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Yao Q, Zhang L, Kabanov NS, Rudenko AN, Arjmand T, Rahimpour Soleimani H et al. Bandgap opening in hydrogenated germanene. Applied physics letters. 2018 Apr 23;112(17). 171607. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5026745