Beating diabetes: strategies to improve pancreatic islet transplantation

J. Hilderink

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

172 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease that is caused by nearly complete destruction of insulin producing beta-cells in the islets of Langerhans, affecting approximately 25 million people worldwide. Prior to the discovery of insulin, diabetes most certainly led to death. To date, patients with type 1 diabetes require daily insulin injections to control their blood glucose levels. Although this therapy is effective, it lacks precise glycemic control which on the long term increases the risk of developing life-threatening diseases such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure. Patients with type 1 diabetes who have had a kidney transplant or who suffer from severe hypoglycemia unawareness might benefit from intrahepatic transplantation of donor islets, according to the so-called ‘Edmonton protocol’. This procedure has worldwide been conducted over 750 times. Although the initial results are promising, only 10% of patients remained insulin-independent five years after treatment, which together with a lack of sufficient quantities of donor tissue and the need for lifelong immunosuppressive therapy have hampered its widespread application. This thesis describes several strategies that aim at improving the current pancreatic islet transplantation procedure.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
Supervisors/Advisors
  • van Blitterswijk, Clemens, Supervisor
  • Karperien, H.B.J., Supervisor
Award date17 Oct 2013
Place of PublicationEnschede
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-90-365-0775-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2013

Keywords

  • METIS-298156
  • IR-87486

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