Silicone voice prostheses used for rehabilitation of speech after total laryngectomy are inserted in an non-sterile habitat. Deposits on explanted Groningen Button voice prostheses revealed a biofilm, due to heavy colonization of the silicone surface by bacteria and yeasts. Furthermore, it was demonstrated by scanning electron microscopy on sectioned expiants that the silicone material was deteriorated by filamentous and vegetative yeast cells. The different expiants showed a variety of sharp-edged, discrete yeast colonies. The yeasts grew just under the silicone surface and up to 700 μm into the silicone material. Finally, nine different types of defects in the silicone material created by the yeasts are described. This deterioration of the silicone by yeasts seems to be the main reason for the failure and the frequent replacement of the prostheses. The mechanisms of silicone deterioration are still hypothetical.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - May 1993|
- Silicone rubber
- Voice prostheses
- Yeast adhesion