Bioengineered kidney tubules efficiently excrete uremic toxins

Jitske Jansen, M. Fedecostante, M. Wilmer, J.G. Peters, U.M. Kreuser, P.H. Broek, R.A. Mensink, T.J. Boltje, Dimitrios Stamatialis, J.F. Wetzels, L.P. van der Heuvel, J.G. Hoenderop, R. Masereeuw

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Abstract

The development of a biotechnological platform for the removal of waste products (e.g. uremic toxins), often bound to proteins in plasma, is a prerequisite to improve current treatment modalities for patients suffering from end stage renal disease (ESRD). Here, we present a newly designed bioengineered renal tubule capable of active uremic toxin secretion through the concerted action of essential renal transporters, viz. organic anion transporter-1 (OAT1), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and multidrug resistance protein-4 (MRP4). Three-dimensional cell monolayer formation of human conditionally immortalized proximal tubule epithelial cells (ciPTEC) on biofunctionalized hollow fibers with maintained barrier function was demonstrated. Using a tailor made flow system, the secretory clearance of human serum albumin-bound uremic toxins, indoxyl sulfate and kynurenic acid, as well as albumin reabsorption across the renal tubule was confirmed. These functional bioengineered renal tubules are promising entities in renal replacement therapies and regenerative medicine, as well as in drug development programs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number26715
JournalScientific reports
Volume6
Issue number26715
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • METIS-318788
  • IR-103649

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    Jansen, J., Fedecostante, M., Wilmer, M., Peters, J. G., Kreuser, U. M., Broek, P. H., ... Masereeuw, R. (2016). Bioengineered kidney tubules efficiently excrete uremic toxins. Scientific reports, 6(26715), [26715]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep26715