Biometric features and privacy: condemned, based upon your finger print

Jan-Willem Bullee, Raymond Veldhuis

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    Abstract

    What information is available in biometric features besides that needed for the biometric recognition process? What if a biometric feature contains Personally Identifiable Information? Will the whole biometric system become a threat to privacy? This paper is an attempt to quantifiy the link between biometrics and privacy. For a number of biometric-personal(ity) combinations, the availability, detectability and retrievability of Personally Identifiable Information from biometric features is calculated. This paper should make the reader more aware of the possibilities in this area and inspire further research. By the use of a meta-analysis, the possible risks of the fingerprint biometric and three personal(ity) traits are inventoried. Based on $d'$-values the retrievability of Personally Identifiable Information is determined. The results show that in all three possible biometric-personal(ity) combinations Personally Identifiable Information can be retrieved better than 50/50 guessing. This implies storing biometric data in the clear can be a threat to privacy.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 33rd WIC Symposium on Information Theory in the Benelux and the 2nd Joint WIC/IEEE Symposium on Information Theory and Signal Processing in the Benelux
    Place of PublicationEnschede
    PublisherWerkgemeenschap voor Informatie- en Communicatietheorie (WIC)
    Pages44-51
    Number of pages8
    ISBN (Print)978-90-365-3383-6
    Publication statusPublished - May 2012
    Event33rd WIC Symposium on Information Theory in the Benelux and the 2nd Joint WIC/IEEE Symposium on Information Theory and Signal Processing in the Benelux 2012 - Boekelo, Netherlands
    Duration: 24 May 201225 May 2012
    Conference number: 33

    Conference

    Conference33rd WIC Symposium on Information Theory in the Benelux and the 2nd Joint WIC/IEEE Symposium on Information Theory and Signal Processing in the Benelux 2012
    CountryNetherlands
    CityBoekelo
    Period24/05/1225/05/12

      Fingerprint

    Keywords

    • SCS-Safety
    • METIS-300022
    • Retina
    • Sexual orientation
    • Personality
    • Template Protection
    • Privacy
    • IR-87311
    • Biometric
    • Age
    • Ethnicity
    • Finger print
    • Diabetic
    • Gender
    • Hand geometry
    • Face Recognition
    • EWI-23735

    Cite this

    Bullee, J-W., & Veldhuis, R. (2012). Biometric features and privacy: condemned, based upon your finger print. In Proceedings of the 33rd WIC Symposium on Information Theory in the Benelux and the 2nd Joint WIC/IEEE Symposium on Information Theory and Signal Processing in the Benelux (pp. 44-51). Enschede: Werkgemeenschap voor Informatie- en Communicatietheorie (WIC).