Biometrics in Forensic Science: Challenges, Lessons and New Technologies

Massimo Tistarelli, Enrico Grosso, Didier Meuwly

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
114 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Biometrics has historically found its natural mate in Forensics. The first applications found in the literature and over cited so many times, are related to biometric measurements for the identification of multiple offenders from some of their biometric and anthropometric characteristics (tenprint cards) and individualization of offender from traces found on crime-scenes (e.g. fingermarks, earmarks, bitemarks, DNA). From sir Francis Galton, to the introduction of AFIS systems in the scientific laboratories of police departments, Biometrics and Forensics have been "dating" with alternate results and outcomes. As a matter of facts there are many technologies developed under the "Biometrics umbrella" which may be optimised to better impact several Forensic scenarios and criminal investigations. At the same time, there is an almost endless list of open problems and processes in Forensics which may benefit from the introduction of tailored Biometric technologies. Joining the two disciplines, on a proper scientific ground, may only result in the success for both fields, as well as a tangible benefit for the society. A number of Forensic processes may involve Biometric-related technologies, among them: Evidence evaluation, Forensic investigation, Forensic Intelligence, Surveillance, Forensic ID management and Verification. The COST Action IC1106 funded by the European Commission, is trying to better understand how Biometric and Forensics synergies can be exploited within a pan-European scientific alliance which extends its scope to partners from USA, China and Australia. Several results have been already accomplished pursuing research in this direction. Notably the studies in 2D and 3D face recognition have been gradually applied to the forensic investigation process. In this paper a few solutions will be presented to match 3D face shapes along with some experimental results.
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationBiometric Authentication
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
PublisherSpringer
Pages153-164
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-13386-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2014

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number8897
Volume8897

Keywords

  • SCS-Safety
  • EWI-25751
  • Forensic Science
  • IR-94334
  • Biometrics
  • METIS-309906
  • New Technologies

Cite this

Tistarelli, M., Grosso, E., & Meuwly, D. (2014). Biometrics in Forensic Science: Challenges, Lessons and New Technologies. In Biometric Authentication (pp. 153-164). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Vol. 8897, No. 8897). Switzerland: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-13386-7_12
Tistarelli, Massimo ; Grosso, Enrico ; Meuwly, Didier. / Biometrics in Forensic Science: Challenges, Lessons and New Technologies. Biometric Authentication. Switzerland : Springer, 2014. pp. 153-164 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; 8897).
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Tistarelli, M, Grosso, E & Meuwly, D 2014, Biometrics in Forensic Science: Challenges, Lessons and New Technologies. in Biometric Authentication. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, no. 8897, vol. 8897, Springer, Switzerland, pp. 153-164. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-13386-7_12

Biometrics in Forensic Science: Challenges, Lessons and New Technologies. / Tistarelli, Massimo; Grosso, Enrico; Meuwly, Didier.

Biometric Authentication. Switzerland : Springer, 2014. p. 153-164 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Vol. 8897, No. 8897).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

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AB - Biometrics has historically found its natural mate in Forensics. The first applications found in the literature and over cited so many times, are related to biometric measurements for the identification of multiple offenders from some of their biometric and anthropometric characteristics (tenprint cards) and individualization of offender from traces found on crime-scenes (e.g. fingermarks, earmarks, bitemarks, DNA). From sir Francis Galton, to the introduction of AFIS systems in the scientific laboratories of police departments, Biometrics and Forensics have been "dating" with alternate results and outcomes. As a matter of facts there are many technologies developed under the "Biometrics umbrella" which may be optimised to better impact several Forensic scenarios and criminal investigations. At the same time, there is an almost endless list of open problems and processes in Forensics which may benefit from the introduction of tailored Biometric technologies. Joining the two disciplines, on a proper scientific ground, may only result in the success for both fields, as well as a tangible benefit for the society. A number of Forensic processes may involve Biometric-related technologies, among them: Evidence evaluation, Forensic investigation, Forensic Intelligence, Surveillance, Forensic ID management and Verification. The COST Action IC1106 funded by the European Commission, is trying to better understand how Biometric and Forensics synergies can be exploited within a pan-European scientific alliance which extends its scope to partners from USA, China and Australia. Several results have been already accomplished pursuing research in this direction. Notably the studies in 2D and 3D face recognition have been gradually applied to the forensic investigation process. In this paper a few solutions will be presented to match 3D face shapes along with some experimental results.

KW - SCS-Safety

KW - EWI-25751

KW - Forensic Science

KW - IR-94334

KW - Biometrics

KW - METIS-309906

KW - New Technologies

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-13386-7_12

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-13386-7_12

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Tistarelli M, Grosso E, Meuwly D. Biometrics in Forensic Science: Challenges, Lessons and New Technologies. In Biometric Authentication. Switzerland: Springer. 2014. p. 153-164. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; 8897). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-13386-7_12