Bismuth-doped La1.75Sr0.25NiO4+: δ as a novel cathode material for solid oxide fuel cells

Zhesheng Zhu, Mei Li, Changrong Xia*, Henny J.M. Bouwmeester

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Bismuth has been doped into mixed ionic-electronic conducting La1.75Sr0.25NiO4+δ (LSN) with the 2D K2NiF4-type structure to evaluate its influence on various properties of the host material, which include its potential use as a SOFC cathode. X-ray powder diffraction indicates that LSN retains its tetragonal structure after doping with 5 mol% bismuth to form La1.65Bi0.1Sr0.25NiO4+δ (LSN-Bi). Bismuth doping profoundly lowers (by ∼150 °C) the sintering temperature of LSN. Both LSN and LSN-Bi show excellent compatibility with electrolytes yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) and samaria-doped ceria (SDC) in terms of thermal expansion and chemical reactivity (<900 °C). The electrical conductivity of both materials is metallic like and reaches values of 99.3 S cm-1 and 100.3 S cm-1 at 550 °C for LSN and LSN-Bi, respectively. The data from electrical conductivity relaxation (ECR) measurements demonstrate that the substitution of lanthanum by bismuth enhances the chemical diffusion coefficient (Dchem) and surface exchange coefficient (kchem) by factors of 2-3. The faster kinetics of oxygen transport exhibited by LSN-Bi relative to parent LSN is reflected by a lower polarization resistance of the former when the electrode performance of both materials is compared in symmetric cells. The corresponding values at 700 °C are 4.2 Ω cm2 and 0.61 Ω cm2 for LSN and LSN-Bi, respectively. High peak power densities are achieved (328 mW cm-2 and 131 mW cm-2 at 700 and 600 °C, respectively), when LSN-Bi is incorporated as the cathode in a fuel cell operated with humidified hydrogen as the fuel and air as the cathode gas. The material is considered a promising candidate for further study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14012-14019
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number27
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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