Blending of NR/BR.EPDM by reactive processing for tire sidewall applications. Part III - Assessment of the blend ozone- and fatique-resistance in comparison with a conventional NR/BR compound.

Kannika Sahakaro, N. Naskar, Rabin Datta, Johan Baaij, Jacobus W.M. Noordermeer

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Abstract

The NR/BR blend compound formulations for tire sidewall applications contain a set of stabilizers added to prevent degradation mainly due to oxygen, ozone, and heat. 6PPD is the most effective and widely used antiozonant in tire compounds, but is a highly staining material causing a surface discoloration of the tire sidewall. Incorporation of 30 phr EPDM into blends of NR/BR improves the ozone resistance to the required level, without the need of 6PPD. The first two parts of this series have described a reactive processing technique applied to enhance the covulcanization and blend homogeneity, together with their characterization. In the present article, the properties of the NR/BR/EPDM blends prepared by both reactive and straight mixing are tested in comparison with those of equivalent conventional NR/BR compounds. The reactive NR/BR/EPDM blend vulcanizates show excellent tensile strength, elongation at break, tear strength, fatigue-to-failure, and ozone resistance in both static and dynamic conditions. The properties are equivalent or even superior to those of the conventional NR/BR tire sidewall compounds. The simple straight mixed NR/BR/EPDM blend vulcanizates distinctively possess inferior mechanical properties compared to those of the reactive mix.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)2555-2563
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of applied polymer science
Volume103
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • fatigue resistance
  • ozone resistance
  • Tire sidewall
  • IR-72334
  • Blends
  • METIS-252572
  • reactive processing

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