Bonding of a niobium wire to a niobium thin film

W. Jaszczuk, Hermanus J.M. ter Brake, Jakob Flokstra, Dick Veldhuis, R. Stammis, Horst Rogalla

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A method for bonding a niobium wire to a niobium thin film is described. The bonds are to be used as superconducting connections between wire-wound gradiometers and thin-film coupling coils on DC SQUIDS. The method is characterized by two steps. Firstly, the hardness of the niobium wire is reduced by a heat treatment. Secondly, the niobium film is covered with a thin layer of palladium to prevent it from oxidizing. Superconducting bonds were realized using an ultrasonic bonding technique. We tested the bonds and measured superconductivity (to a sensitivity level of 6 × 10-15 Ohm) with currents up to 80 mkA, which is equivalent to 10 times the dynamic range of the DC SQUID systems. Even at 80 mkA, limited by the measuring set-op, the critical current of the bonds is not reached
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1121-1122
Number of pages2
JournalMeasurement science and technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1991


  • METIS-129140
  • IR-60689


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