Brain-Computer Interfaces and Human-Computer Interaction

Desney Tan

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    Abstract

    Advances in cognitive neuroscience and brain imaging technologies have started to provide us with the ability to interface directly with the human brain. This ability is made possible through the use of sensors that can monitor some of the physical processes that occur within the brain that correspond with certain forms of thought. Researchers have used these technologies to build brain-computer interfaces (BCIs), communication systems that do not depend on the brain's normal output pathways of peripheral nerves and muscles. In these systems, users explicitly manipulate their brain activity instead of using motor movements to produce signals that can be used to control computers or communication devices. Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) researchers explore possibilities that allow computers to use as many sensory channels as possible. Additionally, researchers have started to consider implicit forms of input, that is, input that is not explicitly performed to direct a computer to do something. Researchers attempt to infer information about user state and intent by observing their physiology, behavior, or the environment in which they operate. Using this information, systems can dynamically adapt themselves in order to support the user in the task at hand. BCIs are now mature enough that HCI researchers must add them to their tool belt when designing novel input techniques. In this introductory chapter to the book we present the novice reader with an overview of relevant aspects of BCI and HCI, so that hopefully they are inspired by the opportunities that remain.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationBrain-Computer Interfaces. Applying our Minds to Human-Computer Interaction
    EditorsDesney S. Tan, Antinus Nijholt
    Place of PublicationLondon
    PublisherSpringer
    Pages3-19
    Number of pages17
    ISBN (Print)978-1-84996-271-1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2010

    Publication series

    NameHuman-Computer Interaction Series
    PublisherSpringer Verlag
    ISSN (Print)1571-5035

    Keywords

    • IR-72134
    • METIS-270779
    • fNIRS
    • EEG
    • adaprive interfaces
    • brain imaging
    • Brain-Computer Interfaces
    • HMI-MI: MULTIMODAL INTERACTIONS
    • EWI-17754
    • cognitive state
    • Human computer interaction

    Cite this

    Tan, D. (2010). Brain-Computer Interfaces and Human-Computer Interaction. In D. S. Tan, & A. Nijholt (Eds.), Brain-Computer Interfaces. Applying our Minds to Human-Computer Interaction (pp. 3-19). [10.1007/978-1-84996-272-8_1] (Human-Computer Interaction Series). London: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84996-272-8_1