Brain-Computer Interfacing for Intelligent Systems

Antinus Nijholt, Desney Tan, Gert Pfurtscheller, Clemens Brunner, José del R. Millán, Brandan Allison, Bernhard Graimann, Florin Popescu, Benjamin Blankertz, Klaus-R. Müller

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    215 Citations (Scopus)
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    Advances in cognitive neuroscience and brain-imaging technologies give us the unprecedented ability to interface directly with brain activity. These technologies let us monitor physical processes in the brain that correspond with certain forms of thought. Researchers have begun using these technologies to build brain-computer interfaces (BCIs)—communication systems that don't depend on the brain's normal output pathways of peripheral nerves and muscles. Four short articles provide a quick overview of the past, present, and future of BCIs.
    Original languageUndefined
    Article number10.1109/MIS.2008.41
    Pages (from-to)72-79
    Number of pages8
    JournalIEEE intelligent systems
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2008


    • HMI-CI: Computational Intelligence
    • IR-64358
    • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP6/003758
    • METIS-250839
    • EWI-11091

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