Bubbly drag reduction using a hydrophobic inner cylinder in Taylor-Couette turbulence

Pim A. Bullee, Ruben A. Verschoof, Dennis Bakhuis, Sander G. Huisman, Chao Sun*, Rob G.H. Lammertink, Detlef Lohse

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

In this study we experimentally investigate bubbly drag reduction in a highly turbulent flow of water with dispersed air at over a non-wetting surface containing micro-scale roughness. To do so, the Taylor-Couette geometry is used, allowing for both accurate global drag and local flow measurements. The inner cylinder - coated with a rough, hydrophobic material - is rotating, whereas the smooth outer cylinder is kept stationary. The crucial control parameter is the air volume fraction present in the working fluid. For small volume fractions (<![CDATA[$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}), we observe that the surface roughness from the coating increases the drag. For large volume fractions of air , the drag decreases compared to the case with both the inner and outer cylinders uncoated, i.e. smooth and hydrophilic, using the same volume fraction of air. This suggests that two competing mechanisms are at play: on the one hand, the roughness invokes an extension of the log layer - resulting in an increase in drag - and, on the other hand, there is a drag-reducing mechanism of the hydrophobic surface interacting with the bubbly liquid. The balance between these two effects determines whether there is overall drag reduction or drag enhancement. For further increased bubble concentration we find a saturation of the drag reduction effect. Our study gives guidelines for industrial applications of bubbly drag reduction in hydrophobic wall-bounded turbulent flows.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA61
JournalJournal of fluid mechanics
Volume883
Early online date25 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2020

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drag reduction
Drag reduction
drag
Drag
Turbulence
turbulence
Volume fraction
Surface roughness
air
Air
turbulent flow
Turbulent flow
roughness
Flow of water
working fluids
flow measurement
Flow measurement
Industrial applications
surface roughness
bubbles

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • drag reduction
  • Taylor-Couette flow
  • coating

Cite this

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title = "Bubbly drag reduction using a hydrophobic inner cylinder in Taylor-Couette turbulence",
abstract = "In this study we experimentally investigate bubbly drag reduction in a highly turbulent flow of water with dispersed air at over a non-wetting surface containing micro-scale roughness. To do so, the Taylor-Couette geometry is used, allowing for both accurate global drag and local flow measurements. The inner cylinder - coated with a rough, hydrophobic material - is rotating, whereas the smooth outer cylinder is kept stationary. The crucial control parameter is the air volume fraction present in the working fluid. For small volume fractions (<![CDATA[$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}), we observe that the surface roughness from the coating increases the drag. For large volume fractions of air , the drag decreases compared to the case with both the inner and outer cylinders uncoated, i.e. smooth and hydrophilic, using the same volume fraction of air. This suggests that two competing mechanisms are at play: on the one hand, the roughness invokes an extension of the log layer - resulting in an increase in drag - and, on the other hand, there is a drag-reducing mechanism of the hydrophobic surface interacting with the bubbly liquid. The balance between these two effects determines whether there is overall drag reduction or drag enhancement. For further increased bubble concentration we find a saturation of the drag reduction effect. Our study gives guidelines for industrial applications of bubbly drag reduction in hydrophobic wall-bounded turbulent flows.",
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Bubbly drag reduction using a hydrophobic inner cylinder in Taylor-Couette turbulence. / Bullee, Pim A.; Verschoof, Ruben A.; Bakhuis, Dennis; Huisman, Sander G.; Sun, Chao; Lammertink, Rob G.H.; Lohse, Detlef.

In: Journal of fluid mechanics, Vol. 883, A61, 25.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bubbly drag reduction using a hydrophobic inner cylinder in Taylor-Couette turbulence

AU - Bullee, Pim A.

AU - Verschoof, Ruben A.

AU - Bakhuis, Dennis

AU - Huisman, Sander G.

AU - Sun, Chao

AU - Lammertink, Rob G.H.

AU - Lohse, Detlef

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N2 - In this study we experimentally investigate bubbly drag reduction in a highly turbulent flow of water with dispersed air at over a non-wetting surface containing micro-scale roughness. To do so, the Taylor-Couette geometry is used, allowing for both accurate global drag and local flow measurements. The inner cylinder - coated with a rough, hydrophobic material - is rotating, whereas the smooth outer cylinder is kept stationary. The crucial control parameter is the air volume fraction present in the working fluid. For small volume fractions (<![CDATA[$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}), we observe that the surface roughness from the coating increases the drag. For large volume fractions of air , the drag decreases compared to the case with both the inner and outer cylinders uncoated, i.e. smooth and hydrophilic, using the same volume fraction of air. This suggests that two competing mechanisms are at play: on the one hand, the roughness invokes an extension of the log layer - resulting in an increase in drag - and, on the other hand, there is a drag-reducing mechanism of the hydrophobic surface interacting with the bubbly liquid. The balance between these two effects determines whether there is overall drag reduction or drag enhancement. For further increased bubble concentration we find a saturation of the drag reduction effect. Our study gives guidelines for industrial applications of bubbly drag reduction in hydrophobic wall-bounded turbulent flows.

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