Bulk and surface states carried supercurrent in ballistic Nb-Dirac semimetal Cd3As2 nanowire-Nb junctions

Cai Zhen Li, Chuan Li, Li Xian Wang, Shuo Wang, Zhi Min Liao, Alexander Brinkman, Da Peng Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

A three-dimensional Dirac semimetal has bulk Dirac cones in all three momentum directions and Fermi arc like surface states, and can be converted into a Weyl semimetal by breaking time-reversal symmetry. However, the highly conductive bulk state usually hides the electronic transport from the surface state in Dirac semimetal. Here, we demonstrate the supercurrent carried by bulk and surface states in Nb-Cd3As2 nanowire-Nb short and long junctions, respectively. For the ∼1-μm-long junction, the Fabry-Pérot interferences-induced oscillations of the critical supercurrent are observed, suggesting the ballistic transport of the surface states carried supercurrent, where the bulk states are decoherent and the topologically protected surface states still stay coherent. Moreover, a superconducting dome is observed in the long junction, which is attributed to the enhanced dephasing from the interaction between surface and bulk states as tuning gate voltage to increase the carrier density. The superconductivity of topological semimetal nanowire is promising for braiding of Majorana fermions toward topological quantum computing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115446
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical review B: Covering condensed matter and materials physics
Volume97
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2018

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Metalloids
metalloids
Surface states
Ballistics
ballistics
Nanowires
nanowires
Fermions
Domes
Superconductivity
Carrier concentration
quantum computation
Cones
domes
guy wires
Momentum
Tuning
cones
superconductivity
arcs

Cite this

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title = "Bulk and surface states carried supercurrent in ballistic Nb-Dirac semimetal Cd3As2 nanowire-Nb junctions",
abstract = "A three-dimensional Dirac semimetal has bulk Dirac cones in all three momentum directions and Fermi arc like surface states, and can be converted into a Weyl semimetal by breaking time-reversal symmetry. However, the highly conductive bulk state usually hides the electronic transport from the surface state in Dirac semimetal. Here, we demonstrate the supercurrent carried by bulk and surface states in Nb-Cd3As2 nanowire-Nb short and long junctions, respectively. For the ∼1-μm-long junction, the Fabry-P{\'e}rot interferences-induced oscillations of the critical supercurrent are observed, suggesting the ballistic transport of the surface states carried supercurrent, where the bulk states are decoherent and the topologically protected surface states still stay coherent. Moreover, a superconducting dome is observed in the long junction, which is attributed to the enhanced dephasing from the interaction between surface and bulk states as tuning gate voltage to increase the carrier density. The superconductivity of topological semimetal nanowire is promising for braiding of Majorana fermions toward topological quantum computing.",
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Bulk and surface states carried supercurrent in ballistic Nb-Dirac semimetal Cd3As2 nanowire-Nb junctions. / Li, Cai Zhen; Li, Chuan; Wang, Li Xian; Wang, Shuo; Liao, Zhi Min; Brinkman, Alexander; Yu, Da Peng.

In: Physical review B: Covering condensed matter and materials physics, Vol. 97, No. 11, 115446, 27.03.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Li, Cai Zhen

AU - Li, Chuan

AU - Wang, Li Xian

AU - Wang, Shuo

AU - Liao, Zhi Min

AU - Brinkman, Alexander

AU - Yu, Da Peng

PY - 2018/3/27

Y1 - 2018/3/27

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AB - A three-dimensional Dirac semimetal has bulk Dirac cones in all three momentum directions and Fermi arc like surface states, and can be converted into a Weyl semimetal by breaking time-reversal symmetry. However, the highly conductive bulk state usually hides the electronic transport from the surface state in Dirac semimetal. Here, we demonstrate the supercurrent carried by bulk and surface states in Nb-Cd3As2 nanowire-Nb short and long junctions, respectively. For the ∼1-μm-long junction, the Fabry-Pérot interferences-induced oscillations of the critical supercurrent are observed, suggesting the ballistic transport of the surface states carried supercurrent, where the bulk states are decoherent and the topologically protected surface states still stay coherent. Moreover, a superconducting dome is observed in the long junction, which is attributed to the enhanced dephasing from the interaction between surface and bulk states as tuning gate voltage to increase the carrier density. The superconductivity of topological semimetal nanowire is promising for braiding of Majorana fermions toward topological quantum computing.

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