Buried, Covalently Attached RGD Peptide Motifs in Poly(methacryllic) Brush Layers; The Effect of Brush Structure on Cell Adhesion

Melba Navarro, Edmondo Maria Benetti, S.J. Zapotoczny, Josep A. Planell, Gyula J. Vancso

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Abstract

Iniferter-mediated surface-initiated photopolymerization was used to graft poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA) brush layers obtained from surface-attached iniferters in self-assembled monolayers to a gold surface. The tethered chains were subsequently functionalized with the cell-adhesive arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) motif. The modified brushes were extended by reinitiating the polymerization to obtain an additional layer of PMAA, thereby burying the peptide-functionalized segments inside the brush structure. Contact angle measurements and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were employed to characterize the wettability and the chemical properties of these platforms. Time of flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy (TOF-SIMS) measurements were performed to monitor the chemical composition of the polymer layer as a function of the distance to the gold surface and obtain information concerning the depth of the RGD motifs inside the brush structure. The brush thickness was evaluated as a function of the polymerization (i.e., UV-irradiation) time with atomic force microscopy (AFM) and ellipsometry. Cell adhesion tests employing human osteoblasts were performed on substrates with the RGD peptides exposed at the surface as well as covered by a PMAA top brush layer. Immunofluorescence studies demonstrated a variation of the cell morphology as a function of the position of the peptide units along the grafted chains
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)10996-11002
Number of pages7
JournalLangmuir
Volume24
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • METIS-253686
  • IR-76088

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