Calculation method for pulsed magnetic field energy supplied to Nb3Sn ITER CS conductors during SULTAN stability tests

T. Bagni*, M. Breschi, S. Jagga, A. Devred, A. Nijhuis

*Corresponding author for this work

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Cable-In-Conduit Conductors (CICCs) for the ITER Central Solenoid (CS) magnets are designed to operate in the presence of fast changing current and magnetic field during the plasma-operating scenario. For ITER, the AC loss of several types of Nb3Sn CICCs was experimentally tested, but only very limited experimental data is available for quantitative analysis of the minimum quench energy (MQE). In the SULTAN testing facility (Swiss Plasma Centre) few CS conductors were tested on MQE, but the magnetic field amplitude and ramp rate settings are far from the actual ITER operating conditions. Nevertheless, such tests are needed as a basis to calibrate and benchmark the codes that describe the quench behavior. Moreover, during the stability tests in Sultan, the temperature measurements show severe fluctuations, which can introduce a large error for the energy calculation. An interpretation is given for the temperature fluctuation and a procedure is proposed to significantly reduce the error in the pulsed energy calculation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111224
JournalFusion engineering and design
Early online date19 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019


  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Energy calculation
  • Fusion magnets
  • Stability
  • Cable-in-conduit conductors


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