Calculation of the rockwall recession rate of a limestone cliff, affected by rockfalls, using cosmogenic chlorine-36 : case study of the Montsec Range (Eastern Pyrenees, Spain)

Guillem Domènech (Corresponding Author), Jordi Corominas, Olga Mavrouli, Antonio Abellán, Stefan Pavetich, Georg Rugel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cliff erosion may be a major problem in settled areas affecting populations and producing economic and ecological
losses. In this paper we present a procedure to calculate the long-term retreat rate of a cliff affected by rockfalls
in the Montsec Range, Eastern Pyrenees (Spain). It is composed of low, densely fractured limestones; and the
rockwall is affected by rockfalls of different sizes. The rockfall scars are clearly distinguishable by their regular
boundaries and by their orange colour, which contrast with the greyish old reference surface (S0) of the cliff
face. We have dated different stepped surfaces of the rockwall, including S0, using cosmogenic 36Cl. The total
amount of material released by rockfall activity was calculated using a high definition point cloud of the slope
face obtained with a terrestrial laser scanner (TLS). The present rockwall surface has been subtracted from the reconstructed old cliff surface. This has allowed the calculation of the total volume released by rockfalls and of the retreat rate. The latter ranges from 0.31 to 0.37 mm·a−1 . This value is of the same order of magnitude as that obtained by other researchers in neighbouring regions in Spain, having similar geology and affected by rockfalls.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-335
Number of pages11
JournalGeomorphology
Volume306
Early online date7 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • ITC-ISI-JOURNAL-ARTICLE

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