Carbon Nanotube/Zeolite Hybrid Catalysts for Glucose Conversion in Water/Oil Emulsions

Jimmy Faria, M. Pilar Ruiz, Daniel E. Resasco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The isomerization of glucose to fructose and its subsequent dehydration to hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) have been investigated on nanohybrid catalysts that stabilize emulsions comprising aqueous and organic phases. Significant improvement in catalyst stability was observed when NaX faujasite catalysts were functionalized with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT-NaX), with a large fraction of the initial activity and selectivity preserved after several recycles. The combination of MWCNT-NaX, containing Lewis acid sites, and MWCNT-SO3H, containing Brønsted acid sites, enables glucose isomerization and fructose dehydration at high conversion and HMF selectivity. The use of a water/oil biphasic emulsion favors the continuous separation of the HMF product into the organic phase. Furthermore, selective conversion of HMF into added-value products can be accomplished in the same emulsion by incorporating a metallic function on the amphiphilic nanohybrids in the presence of hydrogen. Depending on the metal used, different final products can be obtained. For example, when Ru was added, the main product was 2,5-hexanedione (47.8 mol %), followed by 2,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)furan (15 mol %) and γ-hydroxyvaleric acid (7.8 mol %). When Pd was used, γ-hydroxyvaleric acid (84 mol %) dominated the product distribution, with only small amounts of 2,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)furan (2.9 mol %).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4761-4771
Number of pages11
JournalACS catalysis
Volume5
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Zeolites
Carbon Nanotubes
Emulsions
Glucose
Carbon nanotubes
Oils
Fructose
Catalysts
Acids
Water
Isomerization
Dehydration
Lewis Acids
Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCN)
Hydrogen
Metals
5-hydroxymethylfurfural
2,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)furan

Keywords

  • carbon nanotubes
  • glucose
  • water/oil emulsions
  • zeolites

Cite this

Faria, Jimmy ; Pilar Ruiz, M. ; Resasco, Daniel E. / Carbon Nanotube/Zeolite Hybrid Catalysts for Glucose Conversion in Water/Oil Emulsions. In: ACS catalysis. 2015 ; Vol. 5, No. 8. pp. 4761-4771.
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abstract = "The isomerization of glucose to fructose and its subsequent dehydration to hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) have been investigated on nanohybrid catalysts that stabilize emulsions comprising aqueous and organic phases. Significant improvement in catalyst stability was observed when NaX faujasite catalysts were functionalized with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT-NaX), with a large fraction of the initial activity and selectivity preserved after several recycles. The combination of MWCNT-NaX, containing Lewis acid sites, and MWCNT-SO3H, containing Br{\o}nsted acid sites, enables glucose isomerization and fructose dehydration at high conversion and HMF selectivity. The use of a water/oil biphasic emulsion favors the continuous separation of the HMF product into the organic phase. Furthermore, selective conversion of HMF into added-value products can be accomplished in the same emulsion by incorporating a metallic function on the amphiphilic nanohybrids in the presence of hydrogen. Depending on the metal used, different final products can be obtained. For example, when Ru was added, the main product was 2,5-hexanedione (47.8 mol {\%}), followed by 2,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)furan (15 mol {\%}) and γ-hydroxyvaleric acid (7.8 mol {\%}). When Pd was used, γ-hydroxyvaleric acid (84 mol {\%}) dominated the product distribution, with only small amounts of 2,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)furan (2.9 mol {\%}).",
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Carbon Nanotube/Zeolite Hybrid Catalysts for Glucose Conversion in Water/Oil Emulsions. / Faria, Jimmy; Pilar Ruiz, M.; Resasco, Daniel E.

In: ACS catalysis, Vol. 5, No. 8, 07.08.2015, p. 4761-4771.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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