Catalytic effect of water on calcium carbonate decomposition

Guido Giammaria, Leon Lefferts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The search for cheap solutions for carbon dioxide capture in order to prevent global warming is still challenging. Calcium oxide may be a suitable sorbent, but the regeneration process from calcium carbonate requires too high temperatures, causing sintering and decreasing sorption capacity. In this study the effect of steam on the decomposition of the carbonate is investigated. A clear rate-enhancing effect up to a factor of 4 is observed when steam concentrations up to 1.25% are applied during isothermal reactions at temperatures between 590 and 650°C. This results in a decrease of the apparent activation barrier from 201 to 140kJmol-1, caused by the opening of a new reaction pathway. The kinetics of steam catalyzed decomposition of CaCO3 is discussed and a simple reaction scheme is proposed, including estimation of kinetic constants. The new pathway proceeds via formation of a stable surface bicarbonate followed by decomposition to surface OH groups, which then decompose by desorbing H2O.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-356
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of CO2 Utilization
Volume33
Early online date4 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

Fingerprint

Calcium Carbonate
Steam
Calcium carbonate
calcium carbonate
decomposition
Decomposition
Water
kinetics
Kinetics
Carbonates
Global warming
Bicarbonates
Sorbents
bicarbonate
Carbon Dioxide
Lime
water
lime
Sorption
global warming

Keywords

  • Calcium carbonate
  • Carbon capture and storage
  • Catalytic effect of water
  • Decomposition reaction
  • Greenhouse gases

Cite this

@article{00c06f62570944a0b08f8b20da14370f,
title = "Catalytic effect of water on calcium carbonate decomposition",
abstract = "The search for cheap solutions for carbon dioxide capture in order to prevent global warming is still challenging. Calcium oxide may be a suitable sorbent, but the regeneration process from calcium carbonate requires too high temperatures, causing sintering and decreasing sorption capacity. In this study the effect of steam on the decomposition of the carbonate is investigated. A clear rate-enhancing effect up to a factor of 4 is observed when steam concentrations up to 1.25{\%} are applied during isothermal reactions at temperatures between 590 and 650°C. This results in a decrease of the apparent activation barrier from 201 to 140kJmol-1, caused by the opening of a new reaction pathway. The kinetics of steam catalyzed decomposition of CaCO3 is discussed and a simple reaction scheme is proposed, including estimation of kinetic constants. The new pathway proceeds via formation of a stable surface bicarbonate followed by decomposition to surface OH groups, which then decompose by desorbing H2O.",
keywords = "Calcium carbonate, Carbon capture and storage, Catalytic effect of water, Decomposition reaction, Greenhouse gases",
author = "Guido Giammaria and Leon Lefferts",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jcou.2019.06.017",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "341--356",
journal = "Journal of CO2 Utilization",
issn = "2212-9820",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Catalytic effect of water on calcium carbonate decomposition. / Giammaria, Guido; Lefferts, Leon.

In: Journal of CO2 Utilization, Vol. 33, 01.10.2019, p. 341-356.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Catalytic effect of water on calcium carbonate decomposition

AU - Giammaria, Guido

AU - Lefferts, Leon

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - The search for cheap solutions for carbon dioxide capture in order to prevent global warming is still challenging. Calcium oxide may be a suitable sorbent, but the regeneration process from calcium carbonate requires too high temperatures, causing sintering and decreasing sorption capacity. In this study the effect of steam on the decomposition of the carbonate is investigated. A clear rate-enhancing effect up to a factor of 4 is observed when steam concentrations up to 1.25% are applied during isothermal reactions at temperatures between 590 and 650°C. This results in a decrease of the apparent activation barrier from 201 to 140kJmol-1, caused by the opening of a new reaction pathway. The kinetics of steam catalyzed decomposition of CaCO3 is discussed and a simple reaction scheme is proposed, including estimation of kinetic constants. The new pathway proceeds via formation of a stable surface bicarbonate followed by decomposition to surface OH groups, which then decompose by desorbing H2O.

AB - The search for cheap solutions for carbon dioxide capture in order to prevent global warming is still challenging. Calcium oxide may be a suitable sorbent, but the regeneration process from calcium carbonate requires too high temperatures, causing sintering and decreasing sorption capacity. In this study the effect of steam on the decomposition of the carbonate is investigated. A clear rate-enhancing effect up to a factor of 4 is observed when steam concentrations up to 1.25% are applied during isothermal reactions at temperatures between 590 and 650°C. This results in a decrease of the apparent activation barrier from 201 to 140kJmol-1, caused by the opening of a new reaction pathway. The kinetics of steam catalyzed decomposition of CaCO3 is discussed and a simple reaction scheme is proposed, including estimation of kinetic constants. The new pathway proceeds via formation of a stable surface bicarbonate followed by decomposition to surface OH groups, which then decompose by desorbing H2O.

KW - Calcium carbonate

KW - Carbon capture and storage

KW - Catalytic effect of water

KW - Decomposition reaction

KW - Greenhouse gases

U2 - 10.1016/j.jcou.2019.06.017

DO - 10.1016/j.jcou.2019.06.017

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 341

EP - 356

JO - Journal of CO2 Utilization

JF - Journal of CO2 Utilization

SN - 2212-9820

ER -