Cavitation Measurement during Sonic and Ultrasonic Activated Irrigation

R.G. Macedo, B. Verhaagen, David Fernandez Rivas, Michel Versluis, P.R. Wesselink, L.W.M. van der Sluis

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Introduction The aims of this study were to quantify and to visualize the possible occurrence of transient cavitation (bubble formation and implosion) during sonic and ultrasonic (UAI) activated irrigation. Methods The amount of cavitation generated around several endodontic instruments was measured by sonochemiluminescence dosimetry inside 4 root canal models of human dimensions and varying complexity. Furthermore, the spatial distribution of the sonochemiluminescence in the root canal was visualized with long-exposure photography. Results Instrument oscillation frequency, ultrasonic power, and file taper influenced the occurrence and amount of cavitation. In UAI, cavitation was distributed between the file and the wall extending beyond the file and inside lateral canals/isthmuses. In sonic activated irrigation, no cavitation was detected. Conclusions Cavitation was shown to occur in UAI at clinically relevant ultrasonic power settings in both straight and curved canals but not around sonically oscillating instruments, driven at their highest frequency
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)580-583
JournalJournal of endodontics
Issue number4
Early online date28 Oct 2013
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2014


  • METIS-302483
  • IR-94852


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