Cavitation thresholds, free surface and cavity cluster dynamics in liquids at shock wave reflection

A. Besov, V. Kedrinskii, J. de Vries, M. Kloosterman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

Abstract

Cavitation cluster dynamics and cavitation thresholds under plane short shock waves reflected from the free surface of various liquids is investigated experimentally By means of capacity and light absorption methods it is shown that the free-surface velocity is directly connected to the volume concentration of cavitation bubbles in the cavitating area and an expression for it was found. An effect of the time of contact of water and atmosphere on the dynamics of cavitation development is revealed. It was found that one hour is enough to change the free-surface velocity dynamics from monotonous to oscillating, which is characteristic for spalling damage of metals. High-speed filming showed that in the first case, the bubble distribution over the volume is uniform, while in the second case a dense layer of bubbles is formed under the free surface and partly reflects the rarefaction wave which continues moving freely in the formed liquid layer. This effect is probably associated with the changes in the structure of a near-surface layer due to air saturation. It is shown experimentally that for transformer oil, the previous loading history and the time interval between the experiments are essential considerations and the intensity of cavitation is increased under multiple sequential loading.

By means of the capacitance method, which determines the cavitation thresholds and intensity of avitation processes with high accuracy,the dependence oftho intensity of cavitation processes on water temperature was investigated experimentally. It is shown that the intensity ofcavilaw, processes is extreme and increases with temperature from 18,5 to 42 , dropping to an initial value at 52 and again meressing abruptly from 66. A mechanism which accounts for this phenomenon is proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLiquids Under Negative Pressure
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Liquids Under Negative Pressure Budapest, Hungary 23–25 February 2002
EditorsA.R. Imre, H.J. Maris, P.R. Williams
Place of PublicationDordrecht
PublisherKluwer Academic Publishers
Pages255-270
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)978-94-010-0498-5
ISBN (Print)978-1-4020-0896-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Fingerprint

wave reflection
cavitation flow
shock waves
cavities
thresholds
liquids
bubbles
spalling
water temperature
electromagnetic absorption
elastic waves
transformers
surface layers
oils
capacitance
high speed
histories
damage
intervals
saturation

Keywords

  • Free surface
  • Pressure pulse
  • Rarefaction wave
  • Cavitation bubble
  • Shock wave reflection

Cite this

Besov, A., Kedrinskii, V., de Vries, J., & Kloosterman, M. (2002). Cavitation thresholds, free surface and cavity cluster dynamics in liquids at shock wave reflection. In A. R. Imre, H. J. Maris, & P. R. Williams (Eds.), Liquids Under Negative Pressure: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Liquids Under Negative Pressure Budapest, Hungary 23–25 February 2002 (pp. 255-270). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-0498-5_22
Besov, A. ; Kedrinskii, V. ; de Vries, J. ; Kloosterman, M. / Cavitation thresholds, free surface and cavity cluster dynamics in liquids at shock wave reflection. Liquids Under Negative Pressure: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Liquids Under Negative Pressure Budapest, Hungary 23–25 February 2002. editor / A.R. Imre ; H.J. Maris ; P.R. Williams. Dordrecht : Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002. pp. 255-270
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abstract = "Cavitation cluster dynamics and cavitation thresholds under plane short shock waves reflected from the free surface of various liquids is investigated experimentally By means of capacity and light absorption methods it is shown that the free-surface velocity is directly connected to the volume concentration of cavitation bubbles in the cavitating area and an expression for it was found. An effect of the time of contact of water and atmosphere on the dynamics of cavitation development is revealed. It was found that one hour is enough to change the free-surface velocity dynamics from monotonous to oscillating, which is characteristic for spalling damage of metals. High-speed filming showed that in the first case, the bubble distribution over the volume is uniform, while in the second case a dense layer of bubbles is formed under the free surface and partly reflects the rarefaction wave which continues moving freely in the formed liquid layer. This effect is probably associated with the changes in the structure of a near-surface layer due to air saturation. It is shown experimentally that for transformer oil, the previous loading history and the time interval between the experiments are essential considerations and the intensity of cavitation is increased under multiple sequential loading.By means of the capacitance method, which determines the cavitation thresholds and intensity of avitation processes with high accuracy,the dependence oftho intensity of cavitation processes on water temperature was investigated experimentally. It is shown that the intensity ofcavilaw, processes is extreme and increases with temperature from 18,5 to 42 , dropping to an initial value at 52 and again meressing abruptly from 66. A mechanism which accounts for this phenomenon is proposed.",
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Besov, A, Kedrinskii, V, de Vries, J & Kloosterman, M 2002, Cavitation thresholds, free surface and cavity cluster dynamics in liquids at shock wave reflection. in AR Imre, HJ Maris & PR Williams (eds), Liquids Under Negative Pressure: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Liquids Under Negative Pressure Budapest, Hungary 23–25 February 2002. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 255-270. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-0498-5_22

Cavitation thresholds, free surface and cavity cluster dynamics in liquids at shock wave reflection. / Besov, A.; Kedrinskii, V.; de Vries, J.; Kloosterman, M.

Liquids Under Negative Pressure: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Liquids Under Negative Pressure Budapest, Hungary 23–25 February 2002. ed. / A.R. Imre; H.J. Maris; P.R. Williams. Dordrecht : Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002. p. 255-270.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

TY - CHAP

T1 - Cavitation thresholds, free surface and cavity cluster dynamics in liquids at shock wave reflection

AU - Besov, A.

AU - Kedrinskii, V.

AU - de Vries, J.

AU - Kloosterman, M.

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - Cavitation cluster dynamics and cavitation thresholds under plane short shock waves reflected from the free surface of various liquids is investigated experimentally By means of capacity and light absorption methods it is shown that the free-surface velocity is directly connected to the volume concentration of cavitation bubbles in the cavitating area and an expression for it was found. An effect of the time of contact of water and atmosphere on the dynamics of cavitation development is revealed. It was found that one hour is enough to change the free-surface velocity dynamics from monotonous to oscillating, which is characteristic for spalling damage of metals. High-speed filming showed that in the first case, the bubble distribution over the volume is uniform, while in the second case a dense layer of bubbles is formed under the free surface and partly reflects the rarefaction wave which continues moving freely in the formed liquid layer. This effect is probably associated with the changes in the structure of a near-surface layer due to air saturation. It is shown experimentally that for transformer oil, the previous loading history and the time interval between the experiments are essential considerations and the intensity of cavitation is increased under multiple sequential loading.By means of the capacitance method, which determines the cavitation thresholds and intensity of avitation processes with high accuracy,the dependence oftho intensity of cavitation processes on water temperature was investigated experimentally. It is shown that the intensity ofcavilaw, processes is extreme and increases with temperature from 18,5 to 42 , dropping to an initial value at 52 and again meressing abruptly from 66. A mechanism which accounts for this phenomenon is proposed.

AB - Cavitation cluster dynamics and cavitation thresholds under plane short shock waves reflected from the free surface of various liquids is investigated experimentally By means of capacity and light absorption methods it is shown that the free-surface velocity is directly connected to the volume concentration of cavitation bubbles in the cavitating area and an expression for it was found. An effect of the time of contact of water and atmosphere on the dynamics of cavitation development is revealed. It was found that one hour is enough to change the free-surface velocity dynamics from monotonous to oscillating, which is characteristic for spalling damage of metals. High-speed filming showed that in the first case, the bubble distribution over the volume is uniform, while in the second case a dense layer of bubbles is formed under the free surface and partly reflects the rarefaction wave which continues moving freely in the formed liquid layer. This effect is probably associated with the changes in the structure of a near-surface layer due to air saturation. It is shown experimentally that for transformer oil, the previous loading history and the time interval between the experiments are essential considerations and the intensity of cavitation is increased under multiple sequential loading.By means of the capacitance method, which determines the cavitation thresholds and intensity of avitation processes with high accuracy,the dependence oftho intensity of cavitation processes on water temperature was investigated experimentally. It is shown that the intensity ofcavilaw, processes is extreme and increases with temperature from 18,5 to 42 , dropping to an initial value at 52 and again meressing abruptly from 66. A mechanism which accounts for this phenomenon is proposed.

KW - Free surface

KW - Pressure pulse

KW - Rarefaction wave

KW - Cavitation bubble

KW - Shock wave reflection

U2 - 10.1007/978-94-010-0498-5_22

DO - 10.1007/978-94-010-0498-5_22

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-1-4020-0896-2

SP - 255

EP - 270

BT - Liquids Under Negative Pressure

A2 - Imre, A.R.

A2 - Maris, H.J.

A2 - Williams, P.R.

PB - Kluwer Academic Publishers

CY - Dordrecht

ER -

Besov A, Kedrinskii V, de Vries J, Kloosterman M. Cavitation thresholds, free surface and cavity cluster dynamics in liquids at shock wave reflection. In Imre AR, Maris HJ, Williams PR, editors, Liquids Under Negative Pressure: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Liquids Under Negative Pressure Budapest, Hungary 23–25 February 2002. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 2002. p. 255-270 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-010-0498-5_22