Background: Although the flow cytometer has become the standard in cell analysis, it has limitations. Recently, we introduced a new cell analysis method based on immunomagnetic selection and aligning of cells. No flow system is needed and cell analysis can be performed in whole blood. - Methods: Whole blood is incubated with fluorescent labels and immunomagnetic nanoparticles. The blood is injected into a capillary that is in a strong magnetic field. The immunomagnetic-labeled cells move upward and align themselves along ferromagnetic lines present on the upper surface of the capillary. An optical focus and tracking system analogous to that used in a conventional compact disk player focuses a 635-nm laser-diode on the magnetically aligned cells. The emitted fluorescence signals are projected on two photomultipliers. Allophycocyanin (APC)-labeled CD4 (CD4-APC) and Cyanin5.5 (Cy5.5)-labeled CD8 (CD8-Cy5.5) antibodies and Oxazine750, all red excited, are used as fluorescent labels. - Results: A differential white blood cell count performed in whole blood is obtained using the CD4-APC in combination with Oxazine750. The results are compared with the Technicon-H1 hematology analyzer. Correlation coefficients of 0.91 for neutrophilic granulocytes, 0.93 for lymphocytes, 0.93 for monocytes, and 0.96 for eosinophilic granulocytes were obtained. Immunofluorescence is demonstrated using CD4-APC and CD8-Cy5.5. The absolute counts obtained for CD4+ and CD8+ are compared with the Coulter Epics XL flow cytometer. Correlation coefficients of, respectively, 0.91 and 0.94 were obtained. - Conclusion: We conclude that our system is as capable as a standard flow cytometer or hematology analyzer for a reliable routine white blood cell analysis, including immunophenotyping, and can be used as an easy-to-handle disposable white blood cell test.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- Cell Tracks
- ferromagnetic nanoparticles
- cell analysis
- white blood cells
Tibbe, A. G. J., de Grooth, B. G., Greve, J., Liberti, P. A., Dolan, G. J., & Terstappen, L. W. M. M. (2001). Cell Analysis System Based on Immunomagnetic Cell Selection and Alignment Followed by Immunofluorescent Analysis Using Compact Disk Technologies. Cytometry, 43(1), 31-37. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0320(20010101)43:1<31::AID-CYTO1016>3.0.CO;2-F