Ceramic microsieves: influence of perforation shape and distribution on flow resistance and membrane strength

S. Kuiper, R. Brink, W. Nijdam, Gijsbertus J.M. Krijnen, Michael Curt Elwenspoek

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    29 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Ceramic microsieves with slit-shaped perforations were compared to sieves with circular-shaped perforations, regarding flow resistance and membrane strength. Destructive tests show that the highest strength is obtained if the perforations are placed in a non-alternating pattern. Especially for slits, alternating patterns should be avoided as they make the structure unnecessarily flexible. The highest stress occurs at the edges of the membrane where it is attached to the support. Flexible structures bend stronger and therefore cause a higher stress at the edge, resulting in an easier rupture of the membrane. Our results show that ceramic microsieves with slits show a four to five-fold decrease in flow resistance for comparable strength related to sieves with circular pores.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)149-157
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of membrane science
    Volume196
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2002

    Keywords

    • IR-42338
    • METIS-201114
    • EWI-12711

    Cite this

    Kuiper, S. ; Brink, R. ; Nijdam, W. ; Krijnen, Gijsbertus J.M. ; Elwenspoek, Michael Curt. / Ceramic microsieves: influence of perforation shape and distribution on flow resistance and membrane strength. In: Journal of membrane science. 2002 ; Vol. 196, No. 2. pp. 149-157.
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    abstract = "Ceramic microsieves with slit-shaped perforations were compared to sieves with circular-shaped perforations, regarding flow resistance and membrane strength. Destructive tests show that the highest strength is obtained if the perforations are placed in a non-alternating pattern. Especially for slits, alternating patterns should be avoided as they make the structure unnecessarily flexible. The highest stress occurs at the edges of the membrane where it is attached to the support. Flexible structures bend stronger and therefore cause a higher stress at the edge, resulting in an easier rupture of the membrane. Our results show that ceramic microsieves with slits show a four to five-fold decrease in flow resistance for comparable strength related to sieves with circular pores.",
    keywords = "IR-42338, METIS-201114, EWI-12711",
    author = "S. Kuiper and R. Brink and W. Nijdam and Krijnen, {Gijsbertus J.M.} and Elwenspoek, {Michael Curt}",
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    Ceramic microsieves: influence of perforation shape and distribution on flow resistance and membrane strength. / Kuiper, S.; Brink, R.; Nijdam, W.; Krijnen, Gijsbertus J.M.; Elwenspoek, Michael Curt.

    In: Journal of membrane science, Vol. 196, No. 2, 28.02.2002, p. 149-157.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Ceramic microsieves: influence of perforation shape and distribution on flow resistance and membrane strength

    AU - Kuiper, S.

    AU - Brink, R.

    AU - Nijdam, W.

    AU - Krijnen, Gijsbertus J.M.

    AU - Elwenspoek, Michael Curt

    PY - 2002/2/28

    Y1 - 2002/2/28

    N2 - Ceramic microsieves with slit-shaped perforations were compared to sieves with circular-shaped perforations, regarding flow resistance and membrane strength. Destructive tests show that the highest strength is obtained if the perforations are placed in a non-alternating pattern. Especially for slits, alternating patterns should be avoided as they make the structure unnecessarily flexible. The highest stress occurs at the edges of the membrane where it is attached to the support. Flexible structures bend stronger and therefore cause a higher stress at the edge, resulting in an easier rupture of the membrane. Our results show that ceramic microsieves with slits show a four to five-fold decrease in flow resistance for comparable strength related to sieves with circular pores.

    AB - Ceramic microsieves with slit-shaped perforations were compared to sieves with circular-shaped perforations, regarding flow resistance and membrane strength. Destructive tests show that the highest strength is obtained if the perforations are placed in a non-alternating pattern. Especially for slits, alternating patterns should be avoided as they make the structure unnecessarily flexible. The highest stress occurs at the edges of the membrane where it is attached to the support. Flexible structures bend stronger and therefore cause a higher stress at the edge, resulting in an easier rupture of the membrane. Our results show that ceramic microsieves with slits show a four to five-fold decrease in flow resistance for comparable strength related to sieves with circular pores.

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    KW - METIS-201114

    KW - EWI-12711

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    JO - Journal of membrane science

    JF - Journal of membrane science

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