Characterization and Control of Biological Microrobots

I.S.M. Khalil, Marc Philippe Pichel, M.P. Pichel, L. Zondervan, Leon Abelmann, Sarthak Misra

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    This work addresses the characterization and control of Magnetotactic Bacterium (MTB) which can be considered as a biological microrobot. Magnetic dipole moment of the MTB and response to a field-with-alternating-direction are characterized. First, the magnetic dipole moment is characterized using four tech-niques, i.e., Transmission Electron Microscope images, flip-time, rotating-field and u-turn techniques. This characterization results in an average magnetic dipole mo-ment of 3.32×10−16 A.m2 and 3.72×10−16 A.m2 for non-motile and motile MTB, respectively. Second, the frequency response analysis of MTB shows that its ve-locity decreases by 38% for a field-with-alternating-direction of 30 rad/s. Based on the characterized magnetic dipole moment, the magnetic force produced by our magnetic system is five orders-of-magnitude less than the propulsion force gener-ated by the flagellum of the MTB. Therefore, point-to-point positioning of MTB cannot be achieved by exerting a magnetic force. A closed-loop control strategy is devised based on calculating the position tracking error, and capitalizes on the fre-quency response analysis of the MTB. Point-to-point closed-loop control of MTB is achieved for a reference set-point of 60 mm with average velocity of 20 mm/s. The closed-loop control system positions the MTB within a region-of-convergence of 10 mm diameter.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationUnknown
    Place of PublicationQuebec
    Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2012
    Event13th International Symposium on Experimental Robotics, ISER 2012 - Quebec, Canada
    Duration: 21 Jul 201224 Jul 2012
    Conference number: 13


    Conference13th International Symposium on Experimental Robotics, ISER 2012
    Abbreviated titleISER


    • IR-82521
    • METIS-289956


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