Characterization of angularly resolved EUV emission from 2-µm-wavelength laser-driven Sn plasmas using preformed liquid disk targets

Ruben Schupp, Lars Behnke, Zoi Bouza, Zeudi Mazzotta, Yahia Mostafa, Adam Lassise, L Poirier, J. Sheil, Muharrem Bayraktar, Wim Ubachs, Ronnie Hoekstra, Oscar Versolato*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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The emission properties of tin plasmas, produced by the irradiation of preformed liquid tin targets by several-ns-long 2 µm-wavelength laser pulses, are studied in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) regime. In a two-pulse scheme, a pre-pulse laser is first used to deform tin microdroplets into thin, extended disks before the main (2 µm) pulse creates the EUV-emitting plasma. Irradiating 30- to 300 µm-diameter targets with 2 µm laser pulses, we find that the efficiency in creating EUV light around 13.5 nm follows the fraction of laser light that overlaps with the target. Next, the effects of a change in 2 µm drive laser intensity (0.6–1.8 × 1011 W cm−2) and pulse duration (3.7–7.4 ns) are studied. It is found that the angular dependence of the emission of light within a 2% bandwidth around 13.5 nm and within the backward 2π hemisphere around the incoming laser beam is almost independent of intensity and duration of the 2 µm drive laser. With increasing target diameter, the emission in this 2% bandwidth becomes increasingly anisotropic, with a greater fraction of light being emitted into the hemisphere of the incoming laser beam. For direct comparison, a similar set of experiments is performed with a 1 µm-wavelength drive laser. Emission spectra, recorded in a 5.5–25.5 nm wavelength range, show significant self-absorption of light around 13.5 nm in the 1 µm case, while in the 2 µm case only an opacity-related broadening of the spectral feature at 13.5 nm is observed. This work demonstrates the enhanced capabilities and performance of 2 µm-driven plasmas produced from disk targets when compared to 1 µm-driven plasmas, providing strong motivation for the use of 2 µm lasers as drive lasers in future high-power sources of EUV light.
Original languageEnglish
Article number365103
JournalJournal of physics D: applied physics
Issue number36
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2021


  • UT-Hybrid-D


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