Characterization of Nanobubbles on Hydrophobic Surfaces in Water

S. Yang, S.M. Dammer, N.P. Bremond, H.J.W. Zandvliet, E.S. Kooij, D. Lohse

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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to quantitatively characterize the appearance, stability, density, and shape of surface nanobubbles on hydrophobic surfaces under varying conditions such as temperature and temperature variation, gas type and concentration, surfactants, and surface treatment. The method we adopt is atomic force microscopy (AFM) operated in the tapping mode. In particular, we show (i) that nanobubbles can slide along grooves under the influence of the AFM tip, (ii) that nanobubbles can spontaneously form by substrate heating, allowing for a comparison of the surface topology with and without the nanobubble, (iii) that a water temperature increase leads to a drastic increase in the nanobubble density, (iv) that pressurizing the water with CO2 also leads to a larger nanobubble density, but typically to smaller nanobubbles, (v) that alcohol-cleaning of the surface is crucial for the formation of surface nanobubbles, (vi) that adding 2-butanol as surfactant leads to considerably smaller surface nanobubbles, and (vii) that flushing water over alcohol-covered surfaces strongly enhances the formation of surface nanobubbles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7072-7077
Number of pages6
JournalLangmuir
Volume23
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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Water
water
Surface-Active Agents
Atomic force microscopy
alcohols
Alcohols
Surface active agents
surfactants
pressurizing
atomic force microscopy
flushing
water temperature
Pressurization
surface treatment
Butenes
chutes
grooves
Temperature
cleaning
Surface treatment

Cite this

Yang, S. ; Dammer, S.M. ; Bremond, N.P. ; Zandvliet, H.J.W. ; Kooij, E.S. ; Lohse, D. / Characterization of Nanobubbles on Hydrophobic Surfaces in Water. In: Langmuir. 2007 ; Vol. 23, No. 13. pp. 7072-7077.
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title = "Characterization of Nanobubbles on Hydrophobic Surfaces in Water",
abstract = "The aim of this paper is to quantitatively characterize the appearance, stability, density, and shape of surface nanobubbles on hydrophobic surfaces under varying conditions such as temperature and temperature variation, gas type and concentration, surfactants, and surface treatment. The method we adopt is atomic force microscopy (AFM) operated in the tapping mode. In particular, we show (i) that nanobubbles can slide along grooves under the influence of the AFM tip, (ii) that nanobubbles can spontaneously form by substrate heating, allowing for a comparison of the surface topology with and without the nanobubble, (iii) that a water temperature increase leads to a drastic increase in the nanobubble density, (iv) that pressurizing the water with CO2 also leads to a larger nanobubble density, but typically to smaller nanobubbles, (v) that alcohol-cleaning of the surface is crucial for the formation of surface nanobubbles, (vi) that adding 2-butanol as surfactant leads to considerably smaller surface nanobubbles, and (vii) that flushing water over alcohol-covered surfaces strongly enhances the formation of surface nanobubbles.",
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Characterization of Nanobubbles on Hydrophobic Surfaces in Water. / Yang, S.; Dammer, S.M.; Bremond, N.P.; Zandvliet, H.J.W.; Kooij, E.S.; Lohse, D.

In: Langmuir, Vol. 23, No. 13, 2007, p. 7072-7077.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of Nanobubbles on Hydrophobic Surfaces in Water

AU - Yang, S.

AU - Dammer, S.M.

AU - Bremond, N.P.

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AU - Kooij, E.S.

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AB - The aim of this paper is to quantitatively characterize the appearance, stability, density, and shape of surface nanobubbles on hydrophobic surfaces under varying conditions such as temperature and temperature variation, gas type and concentration, surfactants, and surface treatment. The method we adopt is atomic force microscopy (AFM) operated in the tapping mode. In particular, we show (i) that nanobubbles can slide along grooves under the influence of the AFM tip, (ii) that nanobubbles can spontaneously form by substrate heating, allowing for a comparison of the surface topology with and without the nanobubble, (iii) that a water temperature increase leads to a drastic increase in the nanobubble density, (iv) that pressurizing the water with CO2 also leads to a larger nanobubble density, but typically to smaller nanobubbles, (v) that alcohol-cleaning of the surface is crucial for the formation of surface nanobubbles, (vi) that adding 2-butanol as surfactant leads to considerably smaller surface nanobubbles, and (vii) that flushing water over alcohol-covered surfaces strongly enhances the formation of surface nanobubbles.

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