Characterization of the dynamic friction of woven fabrics: Experimental methods and benchmark results

Ulrich Sachs, Remko Akkerman, K. Fetfatsidis, E. Vidal-Sallé, J. Schumacher, G. Ziegmann, S. Allaoui, G. Hivet, B. Maron, K. Vanclooster, S.V. Lomov

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A benchmark exercise was conducted to compare various friction test set-ups with respect to the measured coefficients of friction. The friction was determined between Twintex®PP, a fabric of commingled yarns of glass and polypropylene filaments, and a metal surface. The same material was supplied to all benchmark participants and the test conditions were prescribed, making the used set-up the most important variable among the laboratories. Tests at ambient temperature as well as tests above the melting point of polypropylene are part of the benchmark, in order to determine both the dry and hydrodynamic friction characteristics. The dependency on sliding velocity, average pressure and temperature was investigated. Systematic differences are observed between the measurements obtained by the different set-ups, which are discussed and related to design characteristics of the devices. The values obtained in this benchmark are comparable and may serve as a reference to evaluate other friction set-ups. The paper concludes with guidelines for the design of a friction tester
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-298
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Publication statusPublished - 2014


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