Characterization of the primary and secondary crystallization kinetics of a linear low-density polyethylene in quiescent- and flow-conditions

Martin van Drongelen, P.C. Roozemond, E.M. Troisi, A.K. Doufas, G.W.M. Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The primary and secondary crystallization kinetics of a homogeneous linear low-density polyethylene were characterized as function of cooling rate, pressure and flow strength. Our approach to describe primary crystallization is based on nucleation and growth of spherulites, quantified well below the melting temperature using small-angle light scattering. The description of the two-step secondary process is coupled to primary crystallization using a convolution integral, for which the parameters were determined from (fast-) differential scanning calorimetry. Extended-dilatometry was used to investigate the effect of different thermomechanical histories. Parameters were determined for an existing model that couples molecular stretch to both nucleation rate and fibrillar growth rate. Excellent agreement is shown between calculated and experimentally obtained crystallization kinetics in conditions representative for those found in real-life processing conditions. This opens the possibility to calculate in detail the evolution of and the final crystallinity structure in products such as blown film or extruded tape.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-270
JournalPolymer
Volume76
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • IR-104151

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