Charge Transfer Salts of Benzene-Bridged 1,2,3,5-Dithiadiazolyl Diradicals. Preparation, Structures, and Transport Properties of 1,3- and 1,4-[(S2N2C)C6H4(CN2S2)][X] (X = I, Br)

C. D. Bryan, A. W. Cordes*, R. M. Fleming, S. H. Glarum, R. C. Haddon, T. T.M. Palstra, A. S. Perel, N. A. George, C. D. MacKinnon, R. T. Oakley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Cosublimation of 1,3- and 1,4-benzene-bis(1,2,3,5-dithiadiazolyl) and iodine/bromine affords crystals of the mixed valence salts 1,3- and 1,4-[(S2N2C)C6H4(CN2S2)][X] (X = I, Br). The crystal structures of the two iodide salts consist of perfectly superimposed stacks of molecular units with interannular spacing along the stacks of 3.487(3) and 3.415(2) Å for the 1,3- and 1,4-derivatives. In both compounds the iodines are disordered along the stacking direction. The 1,3-derivative has a highly one-dimensional structure; there are no short intercolumnar S–S interactions. In the 1,4-derivative, however, lateral S–S contacts of 3.911 Å afford some measure of three-dimensionality. The bromide salt of the 1,4-derivative consists of ribbons of alternating 1,4-[(S2N2C)C6H4(CN2S2)]+ units and bromide ions. Within each molecule one heterocyclic ring is closed shell, i.e., a [CN2S2]+ cation, while the other is a discrete radical. The ribbons are layered in zigzag fashion that maximizes ion pairing and isolates the radical centers. The bromide salt of the 1,3-derivative also forms ribbon-like arrays, but the unit cell repeat consists of four layers of ribbons. Within these layers the [CN2S2] rings are approximately stacked. The four rings within the repeat unit along each stack consists of three rings clustered into a trimeric [CN2S2]3+ cation, while the remaining ring is a discrete [CN2S2]+ cation. Magnetic susceptibility and conductivity measurements on the two iodide salts indicate weakly metallic behavior at room temperature, with a charge density wave (CDW) driven metal-insulator phase transition occurring near 270 and 190 K for the 1,3- and 1,4-derivatives, respectively. For the 1,4-derivative, analysis of the CDW wavevector associated with the transition affords a degree of charge transfer of 1/4 of electron per radical, i.e., an overall formulation of [(S2N2C)C6H4(CN2S2)]0.5+[I]0.5–. The bromide salt of the 1,3-derivative is a closed shell insulator, while in the 1,4-bromide the isolated radical centers are antiferromagnetically coupled.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6880-6888
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume117
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes

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