Polysiloxanes with different types of polar substituents are excellent membrane materials for nitrite and fluoride selective chemically modified field effect transistors (CHEMFETs). Nitrite selectivity has been introduced by incorporation of a cobalt porphyrin into the membrane; fluoride selectivity has been obtained with a uranyl salophen derivative as the anion receptor. Polysiloxanes with acetylphenoxypropyl or phenylsulfonylpropyl substituents are the best sensing membranes. The nitrite selective CHEMFETs exhibit Nernstian responses and a high selectivity over chloride and bromide (log KPotNO2,j = –2.9 and –2.7 respectively, based on a phenylsulfonylpropyl functionalized polysiloxane). Also the sensitivity and selectivity of the fluoride selective CHEMFETs is better with the polysiloxane membranes than with plasticized PVC membranes. Even in the presence of 0.1 M of the more lipophilic chloride, bromide, or nitrate ions an almost Nernstian response and a detection limit of 0.25 mM is obtained for fluoride (log KF,jPot = –2.5).
|Journal||Journal of the Chemical Society. Perkin transactions II|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|