Chitosan and carboxymethyl cellulose-based 3D multifunctional bioactive hydrogels loaded with nano-curcumin for synergistic diabetic wound repair

Syed Ahmed Shah, Muhammad Sohail*, Marcel Karperien, Castro Johnbosco, Arshad Mahmood, Mubeen Kousar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)
340 Downloads (Pure)


Biopolymer-based thermoresponsive injectable hydrogels with multifunctional tunable characteristics containing anti-oxidative, biocompatibility, anti-infection, tissue regeneration, and/or anti-bacterial are of abundant interest to proficiently stimulate diabetic wound regeneration and are considered as a potential candidate for diversified biomedical application but the development of such hydrogels remains a challenge. In this study, the Chitosan-CMC-g-PF127 injectable hydrogels are developed using solvent casting. The Curcumin (Cur) Chitosan-CMC-g-PF127 injectable hydrogels possess viscoelastic behavior, good swelling properties, and a controlled release profile. The degree of substitution (% DS), thermal stability, morphological behavior, and crystalline characteristics of the developed injectable hydrogels is confirmed using nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR), thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and x-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), respectively. The controlled release of cur-micelles from the hydrogel is evaluated by drug release studies and pharmacokinetic profile (PK) using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Furthermore, compared to cur micelles the Cur-laden injectable hydrogel shows a significant increase in half-life (t1/2) up to 5.92 ± 0.7 h, mean residence time (MRT) was 15.75 ± 0.76 h, and area under the first moment curve (AUMC) is 3195.62 ± 547.99 μg/mL*(h)2 which reveals the controlled release behavior. Cytocompatibility analysis of Chitosan-CMC-g-PF127 hydrogels using 3T3-L1 fibroblasts cells and in vivo toxicity by subcutaneous injection followed by histological examination confirmed good biocompatibility of Cur-micelles loaded hydrogels. The histological results revealed the promising tissue regenerative ability and shows enhancement of fibroblasts, keratinocytes, and collagen deposition, which stimulates the epidermal junction. Interestingly, the Chitosan-CMC-g-PF127 injectable hydrogels ladened Cur exhibited a swift wound repair potential by up-surging the cell migration and proliferation at the site of injury and providing a sustained drug delivery platform for hydrophobic moieties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1203-1220
Number of pages18
JournalInternational journal of biological macromolecules
Early online date5 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023


  • Biomaterials
  • Carboxymethylcellulose
  • Chitosan
  • Injectable hydrogels
  • Wound healing
  • 2023 OA procedure


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