Circular interpretation of regression coefficients

Jolien Cremers* (Corresponding Author), Kees Tim Mulder, Irene Klugkist

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
353 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The interpretation of the effect of predictors in projected normal regression models is not straight-forward. The main aim of this paper is to make this interpretation easier such that these models can be employed more readily by social scientific researchers. We introduce three new measures: the slope at the inflection point (bc), average slope (AS) and slope at mean (SAM) that help us assess the marginal effect of a predictor in a Bayesian projected normal regression model. The SAM or AS are preferably used in situations where the data for a specific predictor do not lie close to the inflection point of a circular regression curve. In this case bc is an unstable and extrapolated effect. In addition, we outline how the projected normal regression model allows us to distinguish between an effect on the mean and spread of a circular outcome variable. We call these types of effects location and accuracy effects, respectively. The performance of the three new measures and of the methods to distinguish between location and accuracy effects is investigated in a simulation study. We conclude that the new measures and methods to distinguish between accuracy and location effects work well in situations with a clear location effect. In situations where the location effect is not clearly distinguishable from an accuracy effect not all measures work equally well and we recommend the use of the SAM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-95
Number of pages21
JournalBritish journal of mathematical and statistical psychology
Volume71
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • circular regression
  • projected normal distribution
  • Bayesian analysis

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