Climate-determined suitability of the water saving technology "Alternate wetting and drying" in rice systems : a scalable methodology demonstrated for a province in the Philippines

A.D. Nelson, R. Wassmann, B.O. Sander, L.K. Palao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
34 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

70% of the world’s freshwater is used for irrigated agriculture and demand is expected to increase to meet future food security requirements. In Asia, rice accounts for the largest proportion of irrigated water use and reducing or conserving water in rice systems has been a long standing goal in agricultural research. The Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) technique has been developed to reduce water use by up to 30% compared to the continuously flooded conditions typically found in rice systems, while not impacting yield. AWD also reduces methane emissions produced by anaerobic archae and hence has applications for reducing water use and greenhouse gas emissions. Although AWD is being promoted across Asia, there have been no attempts to estimate the suitable area for this promising technology on a large scale. We present and demonstrate a spatial and temporal climate suitability assessment method for AWD that can be widely applied across rice systems in Asia. We use a simple water balance model and easily available spatial and temporal information on rice area, rice seasonality, rainfall, potential evapotranspiration and soil percolation rates to assess the suitable area per season. We apply the model to Cagayan province in the Philippines and conduct a sensitivity analysis to account for uncertainties in soil percolation and suitability classification. As expected, the entire dry season is climatically suitable for AWD for all scenarios. A further 60% of the wet season area is found suitable contradicting general perceptions that AWD would not be feasible in the wet season and showing that spatial and temporal assessments are necessary to explore the full potential of AWD.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0145268
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages19
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Philippines
Climate
Wetting
Drying
drying
Technology
climate
rice
Water
water
Soil
infiltration (hydrology)
methodology
wet season
Food Supply
Soils
Methane
Evapotranspiration
Fresh Water
Agriculture

Keywords

  • METIS-315434
  • ITC-GOLD
  • ITC-ISI-JOURNAL-ARTICLE

Cite this

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abstract = "70{\%} of the world’s freshwater is used for irrigated agriculture and demand is expected to increase to meet future food security requirements. In Asia, rice accounts for the largest proportion of irrigated water use and reducing or conserving water in rice systems has been a long standing goal in agricultural research. The Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) technique has been developed to reduce water use by up to 30{\%} compared to the continuously flooded conditions typically found in rice systems, while not impacting yield. AWD also reduces methane emissions produced by anaerobic archae and hence has applications for reducing water use and greenhouse gas emissions. Although AWD is being promoted across Asia, there have been no attempts to estimate the suitable area for this promising technology on a large scale. We present and demonstrate a spatial and temporal climate suitability assessment method for AWD that can be widely applied across rice systems in Asia. We use a simple water balance model and easily available spatial and temporal information on rice area, rice seasonality, rainfall, potential evapotranspiration and soil percolation rates to assess the suitable area per season. We apply the model to Cagayan province in the Philippines and conduct a sensitivity analysis to account for uncertainties in soil percolation and suitability classification. As expected, the entire dry season is climatically suitable for AWD for all scenarios. A further 60{\%} of the wet season area is found suitable contradicting general perceptions that AWD would not be feasible in the wet season and showing that spatial and temporal assessments are necessary to explore the full potential of AWD.",
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Climate-determined suitability of the water saving technology "Alternate wetting and drying" in rice systems : a scalable methodology demonstrated for a province in the Philippines. / Nelson, A.D.; Wassmann, R.; Sander, B.O.; Palao, L.K.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 10, No. 12, e0145268, 2015, p. -.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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