Closed-cycle gas flow system for cooling of high Tc d.c. SQUID magnetometers

P.J. van den Bosch, H.J. Holland, H.J.M. ter Brake, H. Rogalla

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Abstract

A high Tc.d.c SQUID based magnetometer for magnetocardiography is currently under development at the University of Twente. Since such a magnetometer should be simple to use, the cooling of the system can be realized most practically by means of a cryocooler. A closed-cycle gas flow cooling system incorporating such a cooler has been designed, constructed and tested. The aimed resolution of the magnetometer is 0.1 pT Hz−1/2. The required operating temperature for the SQUIDs is 30 to about 77 K with a stability of 2 × 10−4 K Hz−1/2. After a cool-down time of 1–2 h, a stationary cooling power of at least 0.2 W is required. In the design, helium gas is cooled by a Leybold Heraeus RG 210 cryocooler, transported through a gas line, and subsequently passed through a heat exchanger on which SQUIDs can be installed. The lowest obtainable SQUID heat exchanger temperature is 31 ± 2 K. This can be reached in roughly 2–3 h with an optimal mass flow with respect to the cooling power of 6 × 10−6 kg s−1. At this mass flow the cooling power at the SQUID heat exchanger is 0.2 W at 42 K and roughly 1.2 W at 77 K. A temperature stability of 0.05 K was measured at a SQUID heat exchanger temperature of 54 K and a mass flow of 3 × 10kg s−5. The experience gained with this large cooling system will be used in the design of a smaller configuration cooling system, incorporating miniature Stirling cryocoolers. In this paper the design and the construction of the present closed-cycle system are described and test results are presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-116
Number of pages8
JournalCryogenics
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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closed cycles
SQUIDs
Magnetometers
heat exchangers
magnetometers
gas flow
Flow of gases
mass flow
cooling systems
Cooling
cooling
Heat exchangers
Cooling systems
magnetocardiography
downtime
Magnetocardiography
Gases
operating temperature
coolers
gases

Cite this

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title = "Closed-cycle gas flow system for cooling of high Tc d.c. SQUID magnetometers",
abstract = "A high Tc.d.c SQUID based magnetometer for magnetocardiography is currently under development at the University of Twente. Since such a magnetometer should be simple to use, the cooling of the system can be realized most practically by means of a cryocooler. A closed-cycle gas flow cooling system incorporating such a cooler has been designed, constructed and tested. The aimed resolution of the magnetometer is 0.1 pT Hz−1/2. The required operating temperature for the SQUIDs is 30 to about 77 K with a stability of 2 × 10−4 K Hz−1/2. After a cool-down time of 1–2 h, a stationary cooling power of at least 0.2 W is required. In the design, helium gas is cooled by a Leybold Heraeus RG 210 cryocooler, transported through a gas line, and subsequently passed through a heat exchanger on which SQUIDs can be installed. The lowest obtainable SQUID heat exchanger temperature is 31 ± 2 K. This can be reached in roughly 2–3 h with an optimal mass flow with respect to the cooling power of 6 × 10−6 kg s−1. At this mass flow the cooling power at the SQUID heat exchanger is 0.2 W at 42 K and roughly 1.2 W at 77 K. A temperature stability of 0.05 K was measured at a SQUID heat exchanger temperature of 54 K and a mass flow of 3 × 10kg s−5. The experience gained with this large cooling system will be used in the design of a smaller configuration cooling system, incorporating miniature Stirling cryocoolers. In this paper the design and the construction of the present closed-cycle system are described and test results are presented.",
author = "{van den Bosch}, P.J. and H.J. Holland and {ter Brake}, H.J.M. and H. Rogalla",
year = "1995",
doi = "10.1016/0011-2275(95)92879-W",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "109--116",
journal = "Cryogenics",
issn = "0011-2275",
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}

Closed-cycle gas flow system for cooling of high Tc d.c. SQUID magnetometers. / van den Bosch, P.J.; Holland, H.J.; ter Brake, H.J.M.; Rogalla, H.

In: Cryogenics, Vol. 35, No. 2, 1995, p. 109-116.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Closed-cycle gas flow system for cooling of high Tc d.c. SQUID magnetometers

AU - van den Bosch, P.J.

AU - Holland, H.J.

AU - ter Brake, H.J.M.

AU - Rogalla, H.

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - A high Tc.d.c SQUID based magnetometer for magnetocardiography is currently under development at the University of Twente. Since such a magnetometer should be simple to use, the cooling of the system can be realized most practically by means of a cryocooler. A closed-cycle gas flow cooling system incorporating such a cooler has been designed, constructed and tested. The aimed resolution of the magnetometer is 0.1 pT Hz−1/2. The required operating temperature for the SQUIDs is 30 to about 77 K with a stability of 2 × 10−4 K Hz−1/2. After a cool-down time of 1–2 h, a stationary cooling power of at least 0.2 W is required. In the design, helium gas is cooled by a Leybold Heraeus RG 210 cryocooler, transported through a gas line, and subsequently passed through a heat exchanger on which SQUIDs can be installed. The lowest obtainable SQUID heat exchanger temperature is 31 ± 2 K. This can be reached in roughly 2–3 h with an optimal mass flow with respect to the cooling power of 6 × 10−6 kg s−1. At this mass flow the cooling power at the SQUID heat exchanger is 0.2 W at 42 K and roughly 1.2 W at 77 K. A temperature stability of 0.05 K was measured at a SQUID heat exchanger temperature of 54 K and a mass flow of 3 × 10kg s−5. The experience gained with this large cooling system will be used in the design of a smaller configuration cooling system, incorporating miniature Stirling cryocoolers. In this paper the design and the construction of the present closed-cycle system are described and test results are presented.

AB - A high Tc.d.c SQUID based magnetometer for magnetocardiography is currently under development at the University of Twente. Since such a magnetometer should be simple to use, the cooling of the system can be realized most practically by means of a cryocooler. A closed-cycle gas flow cooling system incorporating such a cooler has been designed, constructed and tested. The aimed resolution of the magnetometer is 0.1 pT Hz−1/2. The required operating temperature for the SQUIDs is 30 to about 77 K with a stability of 2 × 10−4 K Hz−1/2. After a cool-down time of 1–2 h, a stationary cooling power of at least 0.2 W is required. In the design, helium gas is cooled by a Leybold Heraeus RG 210 cryocooler, transported through a gas line, and subsequently passed through a heat exchanger on which SQUIDs can be installed. The lowest obtainable SQUID heat exchanger temperature is 31 ± 2 K. This can be reached in roughly 2–3 h with an optimal mass flow with respect to the cooling power of 6 × 10−6 kg s−1. At this mass flow the cooling power at the SQUID heat exchanger is 0.2 W at 42 K and roughly 1.2 W at 77 K. A temperature stability of 0.05 K was measured at a SQUID heat exchanger temperature of 54 K and a mass flow of 3 × 10kg s−5. The experience gained with this large cooling system will be used in the design of a smaller configuration cooling system, incorporating miniature Stirling cryocoolers. In this paper the design and the construction of the present closed-cycle system are described and test results are presented.

U2 - 10.1016/0011-2275(95)92879-W

DO - 10.1016/0011-2275(95)92879-W

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 109

EP - 116

JO - Cryogenics

JF - Cryogenics

SN - 0011-2275

IS - 2

ER -