Closure relations for shallow granular flows from particle simulations

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    The Discrete Particle Method (DPM) is used to model granular flows down an inclined chute. We observe three major regimes: static piles, steady uniform flows and accelerating flows. For flows over a smooth base, other (quasi-steady) regimes are observed where the flow is either highly energetic and strongly layered in depth for small inclinations, or non-uniform and oscillating for larger inclinations. For steady uniform flows, depth profiles of density, velocity and stress have been obtained using an improved coarse-graining-method, which allows accurate statistics even at the base of the flow. A shallow-layer model for granular flows is completed with macro-scale closure relations obtained from micro-scale DPM simulations of steady flows. We thus obtain relations for the effective basal friction, shape factor, mean density, and the normal stress anisotropy as functions of layer thickness, flow velocity and basal roughness. For collisional flows, the functional dependencies are well determined and have been obtained.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationEnschede
    PublisherUniversity of Twente
    Number of pages22
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

    Publication series

    PublisherDepartment of Applied Mathematics, University of Twente
    ISSN (Print)1874-4850


    • Granular chute flow
    • Shallow-layer equations
    • Discrete particle method (DPM)
    • Depth-averaging
    • Coarse graining


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