Codes as hybrid regulation

Mirjan Oude Vrielink, Cor van Montfort, Meike Bokhorst

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In this contribution we focus on codes as a particular form of civil regulation that is adopted by non-state actors to regulate internal behaviors. Governments increasingly encourage codes and forms of civil regulation in order to protect or to advance governmental objectives in the public interest. We will argue that codes - and with it civil regulation – have better chances of serving the public interest if (1) government, private actors and stakeholders agree on the norms in the standard-setting process, (2) if the codes are binding and (3) there are mechanisms to enforce compliance.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook on the Politics of Regulation
EditorsDavid Levi-Faur
Place of PublicationCheltenham, UK
PublisherEdward Elgar
Number of pages712
ISBN (Print)978-1-84844-005-0
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Publication series

PublisherEdward Elgar


  • METIS-276977
  • IR-97972

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