Combatting electoral traces: the Dutch tempest discussion and beyond

Wolter Pieters

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


    In the Dutch e-voting debate, the crucial issue leading to the abandonment of all electronic voting machines was compromising radiation, or tempest: it would be possible to eavesdrop on the choice of the voter by capturing the radiation from the machine. Other countries, however, do not seem to be bothered by this risk. In this paper, we use actor-network theory to analyse the socio-technical origins of the Dutch tempest issue in e-voting, and we introduce concepts for discussing its implications for e-voting beyond the Netherlands. We introduce the term electoral traces to denote any physical, digital or social evidence of a voter’s choices in an election. From this perspective, we provide a framework for risk classification as well as an overview of countermeasures against such traces.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationE-Voting and Identity: Second International Conference, VOTE-ID 2009
    EditorsP.Y.A. Ryan, B. Schoenmakers
    Place of PublicationBerlin
    Number of pages17
    ISBN (Print)978-3-642-04134-1
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Publication series

    NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
    PublisherSpringer Verlag
    ISSN (Print)0302-9743
    ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


    • METIS-265753
    • IR-67867
    • Actor-Network Theory
    • tempest
    • SCS-Cybersecurity
    • Electronic voting
    • EWI-16015
    • risk classification
    • electoral traces

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