Commonly used fiber tips in endovenous laser ablation (EVLA): An analysis of technical differences

Toine Stokbroekx*, Amit De Boer, Rudolf M. Verdaasdonk, Marc E. Vuylsteke, Serge R. Mordon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Many different types of fiber tips have been developed over the last few years to be used in endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) procedures. All these new but different tips claim a certain superiority over the other tips. Evidence for a best tip is however lacking. Four of these fiber tips have been compared in this article: (1) the bare fiber, (2) the Tulip-Tip, (3) the NeverTouch™ tip, and (4) the radially emitting tip. The aim of this paper is to provide information on the technical differences between these fiber tips and differences in their underlying heat transfer mechanisms. Although all tips are effective in the primary goal of EVLA, namely to occlude the incompetent vein, they differ in side effects, they differ in side effects, practicality, and cost. Although these new tips have improved EVLA, the perfect tip is not on the market yet.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-507
Number of pages7
JournalLasers in medical science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Endovenous laser ablation (EVLA)
  • Fiber tips
  • Heat transfer
  • Varicose veins


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